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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 58,552,845 (2020)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: Katavi to Generate 1.5bn/ - Revenue From Cotton - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] FARMERS in Katavi Region project harvested cotton weighing 50,000 tonnes during the 2021/2022 season.
  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: Sigh of Relief As Maternal Services Set for Expansion in Rukwa - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] PREGNANT women may breathe a sigh of relief following ongoing efforts to construct and repair 34 health facilities to improve health services, including the Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (CEmONC) in Rukwa region.
  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: Plans Afoot to Equip Air Traffic Controllers With Modern Skills - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] PLANS are afoot to make sure that air traffic controllers in the country are updated with relevant and modern skills in their daily activities as international flights have started resurging after being hit by coronavirus travel restrictions.
  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: Zanzibar ,Qatar Inks MOU to Support Out of School Children - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] ZANZIBAR Minister for Education and Vocational Training, Simai Mohammed Said (centre) and Qatar Fund for Development Director General, Khalifa bin Jassim Al-Kuwari (left) sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for Education Above All program support in Zanzibar.
  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: Digital Service Tax Guarantee More Revenues-Legislator - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] A LAWMAKER has allayed fears over Digital Service Tax, saying it will guarantee the government more revenues.