Swaziland (Eswatini)



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Capital: Lobamba (royal/legislative,) Mbabane (administrative)

Government: Unitary Parliamentary Absolute Diarchy

Current King: Mswati III


  • Surrounded by South Africa, except for a short border with Mozambique, Swaziland depends heavily on South Africa from which it receives more than 90% of its imports and to which it sends 60% of its exports.
  • The government is heavily dependent on customs duties from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), and worker remittances from South Africa supplement domestically earned income.
  • Subsistence agriculture employs approximately 70% of the population.

Population: 1,104,479 (2020)

Land Size: 17,364 sq km (6,704 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Swazi: 97%
  • European: 3%

  • Zionist (a blend of Christianity and African Traditional Religions): 40%
  • Roman Catholic: 20%
  • Muslim: 10%
  • Other (includes Anglican, Baha’i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish): 30%


  • English (official, used for government business)
  • siSwati (official)



  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: President Cyril Ramaphosa Appoints Special Envoys to Engage With Kingdom of Eswatini - AllAfrica News: Swaziland
    [Govt of SA] Chair of SADC Organ appoints Special Envoys to engage with the Kingdom of Eswatini
  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: SADC Deploys Special Envoys to eSwatini as Police Fire on Protesters - AllAfrica News: Swaziland
    [allAfrica] Johannesburg -- South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and Chairperson of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Organ on Defence, Politics and Security Cooperation has appointed a special envoys to engage with King Mswati III of the Kingdom of eSwatini on security and political developments in the Kingdom. This comes after fresh prodemocratic protests started months after authorities quashed an earlier round of protests in June 2021.
  • Wed - Oct 20, 2021: Catholic Bishops Delegation Calls for Dialogue - AllAfrica News: Swaziland
    [Agenzia Fides] Manzini -- "We make this proposal for a dialogue that is considered useful by all, on the basis of the words of Pope Francis, who asks all components of society to work together for dialogue, reconciliation and the peaceful settlement of different positions". According to the Pope, a real social dialogue 'involves the ability to respect the other's point of view and to admit that it may include legitimate convictions and concerns' (Fratelli Tutti, 203)" : say the bishops of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Sou
  • Sat - Oct 16, 2021: eSwatini Government Shuts Down Internet - AllAfrica News: Swaziland
    [Nation] The Eswatini government on Friday shut down the internet for two hours as pro-democracy protests intensified.
  • Fri - Oct 15, 2021: Alarm as Police Respond Violently to Schoolchildren's Protest - AllAfrica News: Swaziland
    [Nation] Pro-democracy protests by Eswatini schoolchildren intensified this week, with reports emerging that learners were shot at by the military and police.