Module Six, Activity Four

Africa's Natural Resources

Natural resources form the basis of the economies of most African countries. Of primary importance are agricultural products and mineral resources. These resources are used for subsistence-food to eat-and for commercial purposes-to sell locally or as exports.

Contemporary Political Map of Africa's Natural Resources (Pop-Up)

Spend five minutes investigating the map of Africa's natural resources. When you click on a specific country, a list of that country's agricultural and mineral resources will appear on the screen. After you have investigated the map for five minutes, use the information to complete the following exercise.

  1. List FIVE countries that produce petroleum.
  2. Cassava (root crop), sorghum (grain), millet (grain), maize/corn (grain), rice (grain), and yam (root crop) are primary staple (main) food crops in a number of African countries. List THREE countries where each of these crops is a major food.
  3. Diamonds are an important export in a number of African countries such as Sierra Leone in West Africa. List THREE countries in southern Africa that produce diamonds.
  4. Livestock -goats, cattle, camels, and sheep -are very important economically in many African countries. Identify TWO countries in each of the following regions where livestock is an important commodity.
    • East Africa
    • West Africa
    • Southern Africa
  5. Most of the chocolate eaten in North America and Europe comes from cocoa plants grown in West Africa. Identify THREE countries in West Africa that produce cocoa.
  6. Fish is an important food in a number of African countries. Identify FIVE countries where fish is an important food resource.
  7. Coffee was first grown and used in the African country of Ethiopia. Identify FIVE other countries where coffee is grown.
  8. Cotton is a major export crop across Africa. List ONE country in each of the following regions where cotton is grown commercially.
    • West Africa
    • North Africa
    • Southern Africa

Go to Activity Five or go to one of the other activities in Module Six