São Tomé and Príncipe

COUNTRY FLAG

COAT OF ARMS

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LOCATION MAP

AREA MAP

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INFORMATION

Capital: São Tomé

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Evaristo Carvalho

Economy:

  • Increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975.
  • Being an island country, São Tomé and Príncipe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices.
  • Potential exists for the development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years.
  • Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector, are the major economic problems facing the country.

Population: 211,122 (2020)

Land Size: 1,001 sq km (386 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mestico
  • Angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves)
  • Forros (descendants of freed slaves)
  • Servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), Tongas (children of Servicais born on the islands)
  • Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
Religions:

  • Catholic: 70.3%
  • Evangelical: 3.4%
  • New Apostolic: 2%
  • Adventist: 1.8%
  • Other: 3.1%
  • None: 19.4%

Language(s):

  • Portuguese (official)

Links:

RECENT NEWS

  • Tue - Jul 20, 2021: Presidential Race Narrows to Two - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [Nation] The Presidential race in Sao Tome and Principe will head into a run-off after the two main contenders failed to garner enough votes.
  • Wed - Jul 14, 2021: President Congratulates Sao Tome and Principe for Independence - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [ANGOP] Luanda -- The President of the Republic, João Lourenço, today (Tuesday) congratulated his Sao Tome and Principe's counterpart, Evaristo Carvalho, for the commemoration of the 46th anniversary of Independence of the Portuguese-speaking island nation, celebrated on Monday.
  • Mon - Jul 12, 2021: Sao Tome and Principe National Day - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [State Department] On behalf of the Government of the United States of America, I congratulate the people of Sao Tome and Principe on the 46th anniversary of your independence.