flag_niger coatofarms_niger



locationmap_niger areamap_niger


Capital: Niamey

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Mahamadou Issoufou


  • Agriculture contributes about 40% of GDP and provides livelihood for about 80% of the population.
  • Sizable reserves of oil.
  • Drought, desertification, and strong population growth have undercut the economy.

Population: 22,772,361 (2020)

Land Size: 1.27 million sq km (489,000 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Hausa: 55.4%
  • Djerma Sonrai: 21%
  • Tuareg: 9.3%
  • Peuhl: 8.5%
  • Kanouri Manga: 4.7%
  • Other: 1.2% (2001 census)

  • Muslim: 80%
  • Other (includes Indigenous African Religions and Christian): 20%


  • French (official)
  • Hausa
  • Djerma



  • Thu - Oct 21, 2021: This Is How Niger Is Battling Climate Change #AfricaClimateCrisis - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [World Bank] In Niger and in the Sahel countries, the threat of climate change is a daily reality for its inhabitants. Temperatures are rising 1.5 times faster than in the rest of the world. Droughts, regular floods and soil degradation cause agricultural losses and worsen food security.
  • Thu - Oct 14, 2021: Azhar Strongly Condemns Attack On Mosque in Niger - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Egypt Online] Al Azhar strongly condemned the terrorist attack on a mosque in western Niger's Tillaberi region where ten people were killed while performing night prayer.
  • Wed - Sep 29, 2021: Climate Change Is Another Pandemic With Devastating Effects - Minister - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [UN News] Apart from disastrous economic consequences, the COVID-19 pandemic has also amplified the climate and security crisis in the Sahel, said Niger's Minister of Foreign Affairs during the country's turn to speak at the UN General Assembly.
  • Wed - Sep 29, 2021: War Devastates the Lives of Children - What the Research Tells Us, and What Can Be Done - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [The Conversation Africa] Amnesty International published a report recently on the situation in Niger that highlighted the devastating consequences of war for children. In Niger's Tillabéri region, hundreds of people have died or fled their homes, and food reserves and livestock have been attacked. Armed groups in this region, such as the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara and the al-Qaida-affiliated Jama'at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin, are increasingly targeting children.
  • Tue - Sep 28, 2021: Working Together for Safe Access During the Covid-19 Pandemic - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [ICRC] The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) -- working closely with National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - developed the Safer Access Framework (SAF) between 2002 and 2003. The SAF supports National societies to prepare for and respond safely and effectively to humanitarian needs in sensitive and insecure contexts.