flag_mali coatofarms_mali



locationmap_mali areamap_mali


Capital: Bamako

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta


  • Highly dependent on gold mining and agricultural exports for revenue.
  • Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger River and about 65% of its land is desert or semi-desert.
  • About 10% of the population is nomadic and about 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing.

Population: 19,553,397 (2020)

Land Size: 1.25 million sq km (482,077 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mande: 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke)
  • Peul: 17%
  • Voltaic: 12%
  • Songhai: 6%
  • Tuareg and Moor: 10%
  • Other: 5%

  • Muslim: 90%
  • Christian: 1%
  • Indigenous African Religion: 9%


  • French (official)
  • Bambara: 80%
  • Fulfulde
  • Soninke



  • Tue - May 11, 2021: Lead Found in Rural Drinking Water Supplies in West Africa - AllAfrica News: Mali
    [University of Leeds] Scientists are warning that drinking water supplies in parts of rural West Africa are being contaminated b y lead- containing  mater ials used  in  small community water systems such as boreholes with handpumps and public taps.
  • Sat - May 8, 2021: Idriss Déby - the Chadian Warrior, Hero of Mali - AllAfrica News: Mali
    [African Arguments] Mali's security might not be the first issue that comes to mind when hearing of the passing of Idriss Déby Itno. His death on the battlefield - or at least in proximity, depending on the account - clearly indicates that trouble is not far from N'Djamena.
  • Thu - May 6, 2021: President El-Sisi Receives Malian Foreign Minister - AllAfrica News: Mali
    [Egypt Online] President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received today 5/5/2021 Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Mali Mr. Zeïni Moulaye, in the presence of Egypt's Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Sameh Shoukry.
  • Thu - May 6, 2021: Egypt, Mali FMs Probe Promotion of Bilateral Cooperation - AllAfrica News: Mali
    [Egypt Online] Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri has discussed with his Malian counterpart Zeini Moulaye a number of issues of common interest.
  • Wed - May 5, 2021: French Journalist Kidnapped in Mali Appeals for Help in Jihadist Video - AllAfrica News: Mali
    [RFI] Reporters Without Borders has confirmed that another Western journalist has been kidnapped in Mali, after French journalist Olivier Dubois appeared in a video saying he was being held by the jihadist group Al-Qaeda.