Chad

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COAT OF ARMS

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INFORMATION

Capital: N’Djamena

Government: Dominant Party Presidential Republic

Current President: Idriss Déby

Economy:

  • Although primarily agricultural, the economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector, estimated at 1.5 billion barrels) that began in 2000.
  • At least 80% of Chad’s population relies on subsistence farming and raising livestock for its livelihood.
  • Relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects.

Population: 16,877,357 (2020)

Land Size: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Sara: 28%
  • Arab: 12%
  • Daza 11%
  • Mayo-Kebbi: 10%
  • Kanem-Bornou: 9%
  • Ouaddai: 9%
  • Hadjarai: 7%
  • Tandjile: 7%
  • Fitri-Batha: 5%
  • Other: 2%
Religions:

  • Muslim: 53.1%
  • Catholic: 20.1%
  • Protestant: 14.2%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 7.3%
  • Other: 0.5%
  • Unknown: 1.7%
  • Atheist: 3.1%

Language(s):

  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Sara (in south)
  • More than 120 languages and dialects

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RECENT NEWS

  • Wed - May 12, 2021: Democracy Takes a Back Seat to Military Might - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [ISS] In a rare show of solidarity, Chadians rejected the military junta endorsed by international partners.
  • Mon - May 10, 2021: Political Situation in Chad - Envoy Solicits Paul Biya'sorientation - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Cameroon Tribune] The Head of State on Friday, 7thMay, grantedaudience to Abdelkerim Idriss Deby Itno, Deputy Director of Civil Cabinet at the Chadian Presidency.
  • Mon - May 10, 2021: Army Claims Victory Against Northern Rebels After Lengthy Battle - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [RFI] Chad's military claimed victory on Sunday in its weeks-long battle with northern rebels that led to the death of President Idriss Déby on the battlefield.
  • Mon - May 10, 2021: Chad's Military Council Seeks Central African States Support - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [VOA] Yaounde, Cameroon -- Envoys from Chad's ruling military council are seeking support from its central African neighbors in fighting rebels who they say endanger a smooth return to civilian rule. Chad's delegation told Cameroon's president that without peace, a transition to civilian rule will be impossible, but Chad's opposition says the military rulers should immediately step down if they genuinely want peace to be restored.
  • Sat - May 8, 2021: Idriss Déby - the Chadian Warrior, Hero of Mali - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [African Arguments] Mali's security might not be the first issue that comes to mind when hearing of the passing of Idriss Déby Itno. His death on the battlefield - or at least in proximity, depending on the account - clearly indicates that trouble is not far from N'Djamena.