Chad

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COAT OF ARMS

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INFORMATION

Capital: N’Djamena

Government: Dominant Party Presidential Republic

Current President: Idriss Déby

Economy:

  • Although primarily agricultural, the economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector, estimated at 1.5 billion barrels) that began in 2000.
  • At least 80% of Chad’s population relies on subsistence farming and raising livestock for its livelihood.
  • Relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects.

Population: 16,877,357 (2020)

Land Size: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Sara: 28%
  • Arab: 12%
  • Daza 11%
  • Mayo-Kebbi: 10%
  • Kanem-Bornou: 9%
  • Ouaddai: 9%
  • Hadjarai: 7%
  • Tandjile: 7%
  • Fitri-Batha: 5%
  • Other: 2%
Religions:

  • Muslim: 53.1%
  • Catholic: 20.1%
  • Protestant: 14.2%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 7.3%
  • Other: 0.5%
  • Unknown: 1.7%
  • Atheist: 3.1%

Language(s):

  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Sara (in south)
  • More than 120 languages and dialects

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RECENT NEWS

  • Tue - Aug 3, 2021: TMC 100 Days After... - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Cameroon Tribune] Despite a turbulent security, economic and social environment, the Transitional Military Council is waxing strong at the helm of the country. The challenge remains respecting engagements to reunite the country and foster its development
  • Fri - Jul 30, 2021: Boko Haram - Breaking the Conflict Trap in the Lake Chad Basin - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Daily Trust] Following a Special Report General Saleh Bala and I had written for the United States Institute for Peace (USIP) entitled "Civilian-led Governance and Security in the Lake Chad Basin", we held a follow up round table meeting with the Lake Chad Basin Commission led by its Executive Secretary, Ambassador Mamman Nuhu, to consider recent developments in the sub-region concerning the subject matter. The meeting was hosted by the USIP Country Director, Ambassador Abdu Zango and Dr. Chris Kwaja.
  • Mon - Jul 26, 2021: Basile Ikouebe Is New AU Envoy - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Cameroon Tribune] The former Congo-Brazzaville Foreign Minister who replaces Ibrahim Fall was expected in N'Djamena yesterday.
  • Tue - Jul 13, 2021: Islamic State Fortifies Its Position in the Lake Chad Basin - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [ISS] The death of Abubakar Shekau, long-time leader of Jama'atu Ahlis Sunnah lid-Da'wati wa'l-Jihad (JAS), has opened the space for a reconfiguration of forces in the Lake Chad Basin. It could allow Islamic State (IS) to consolidate its position in the region through its local affiliate, Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP).
  • Fri - Jul 9, 2021: Mediation Ongoing in Lome - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Cameroon Tribune] Since April, Togolese authorities have been holding series of negotiations aimed at seeking ways of bringing peace in the country.