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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 55,451,343 (2018)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Thu - Apr 25, 2019: Mutharika, Magufuli Fail to Discuss Lake Malawi Wrangle - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Nyasa Times] Tanzania president John Magufuli flies out of Malawi this Thursday having failed to discuss Lake Malawi wrangle with President Peter Mutharika on his two-day State-visit.
  • Thu - Apr 25, 2019: Magufuli Bemoans Slow Implementation of Trade Agreements - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Nyasa Times] Tanzania President John Pombe Magufuli has expressed concern over slow implementation of trade agreements between Malawi and Tanzania saying it has impacted trade and investment between the two countries.
  • Thu - Apr 25, 2019: Cyclone Kenneth Strengthening as it Heads for Coast - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [allAfrica] Cape Town -Cyclone Kenneth - which is approaching the southern coast of Tanzania and northern coast of Mozambique - has been upgraded to an intense tropical cyclone by Meteo France, the French national meteorological service, AccuWeather reports.
  • Thu - Apr 25, 2019: Govt to Acquire All Songas Shares At U.S.$1 - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] Dar es Salaam -The public-private partnership power company Songas has said the government will automatically own 100 per cent of the company by 2035, if the government will consider an extension of the Power Production Agreement (PPA) after 2024 when the current one expires.
  • Thu - Apr 25, 2019: Tanzania Denies Blocking Release of Scathing IMF Report - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [East African] Tanzania on Tuesday denied blocking the publication of a critical International Monetary Fund report that accuses President John Magufuli's government of undermining economic growth with "unpredictable and interventionist" policies.