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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 53,950,935 (2017)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: Tanzanian Elders Complain Over Backfired Free-Medical Services - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] Dar es Salaam -Representatives of the elderly population today are lining up to raise alarm to Tanzanians that the policy of providing free medical services to elders has backfired.
  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: EAC Exports to Europe Hit U.S.$2.5 Billion - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] Arusha -Coffee, cut flowers, tobacco, tea, fish, vegetables and precious stones exports from the East African Community (EAC) bloc to Europe rose to $ 2.5 billion last year from $ 2.3bn in 2016.
  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: Magufuli Wants TTCL-Airtel Negotiations Hastened - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] Dar es Salaam -President John Magufuli has instructed the state run telecom company, TTCL Corporation to quicken the talk with Bharti Airtel group regarding ownership of Airtel Tanzania.
  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: Make Use of ZIFF - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] In two weeks time all attention will turned to the events at Zanzibar's Stone Town where the Zanzibar International Film Festival will be taking place.
  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: Anti-Cancer Drive Needs Sustainability - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] In recent years, stakeholders in Tanzania have come up with various initiatives to raise awareness on cancer prevention and treatment. However, concerns have been raised about the sustainability of such campaigns. To know what it takes to run the campaigns, The Citizen's Reporter John Namkwahe interviewed the Managing Director of the Tanzanian Cancer Society (Tacaso), Mr Franklin Mtei.