Tanzania

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INFORMATION

Capital: Dar Es SalaamGovernment: Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli

Economy:

  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 49,600,000

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili
Religions:

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%

Language(s):

  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages
  • note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.

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