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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 55,451,343 (2018)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Thu - Apr 9, 2020: Leaders' Assets' Declaration Forms Filling Goes Digital - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE Ethics Secretariat has introduced an online version of declaration known as Online Declaration System (ODS) that would enable public leaders to fill digitally instead of subjecting one to report to office physically.
  • Thu - Apr 9, 2020: Saccos Loan Portfolio Up By 11.5 Pc in 2019 - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE total loans issued by the Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies (SACCOS), in the country increased by 11.5 per cent in the year ending September last year, a sign of rising credit to finance and stimulate various economic activities.
  • Thu - Apr 9, 2020: Yanga, Kit Suppliers Cease Fire - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] YOUNG Africans and the club's main kit suppliers GSM yesterday announced that they have amicably resolved the misunderstandings, which emerged between the two parties.
  • Thu - Apr 9, 2020: TBL Supports Govt Efforts to Contain COVID-19 - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] TANZANIA Breweries Public Limited Company (TBL Plc) in partnership with Diversey East and Central Africa Limited is supporting the government's efforts to contain the spread of Covid-19 through the production of alcohol based sanitisers for health facilities.
  • Thu - Apr 9, 2020: Manufacturers Run Shortage of Face Masks Supplies - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] AS supplies of face masks become scarce across the world, local manufactures in Tanzania are facing shortages of key raw materials and equipment to assist them to meet demand.