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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 51,820,000 (2014)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Wed - Mar 29, 2017: Prime Minister Wants Thorough Tests On Seized Mineral Sands - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] PRIME Minister Kassim Majaliwa visits Buzwagi Gold Mine in Kahama District, Shinyanga region, to inspect containers of the mineral sand waiting for exportation on Tuesday. Centre is Regional Commissioner Zainabu Telaki and General Manager of the mine Stewart Hamilton.(Photo by PMO)
  • Wed - Mar 29, 2017: Govt to Monitor Poll Manifesto Promises Execution Online - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office, Policy, Parliamentary Affairs, Labour, Employment, Youth and the Disabled Jenista Mhagama
  • Tue - Mar 28, 2017: Establishment of New Gene Bank Critical to Sisal Development - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] SISAL farmers have proposed the formation of a new sisal gene bank to revive the ailing industry.
  • Tue - Mar 28, 2017: Moshi Cement Factory Closed Over Pollution - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] MOSHI Cement factory was yesterday ordered to close business over environmental pollution, with the government demanding the implementation of the National Environment Management Council (NEMC)'s recommendations.
  • Tue - Mar 28, 2017: Marvels of Chinese Guitar Tone Hit Dar - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] Ladies from the Beijing dance and Opera Company brought a piece called "dreamlike Forbidden City" to brighten-up the stage, at the National Museum and House of Culture last Thursday evening in dar es salaam. (Photos by iman Mani)