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locationmap_tanzania areamap_tanzania


Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 55,451,343 (2018)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Sat - Oct 19, 2019: Can Airtel Tanzania's New Feature Take Over Mobile Money Services? - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [The Exchange] Tanzania's smartphone's network--Airtel Tanzania, has ushered a new mobile money service branded "Send With a withdraw fee", emerging with a rather customized competitive advantage within the growing mobile money industry in Tanzania.
  • Sat - Oct 19, 2019: Germany Injects $8.69 Million to Boost Tanzania's ICT in Health - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [The Exchange] Sustainable development can't be realized in Tanzania without a healthy population, that's why the health sector has acquired a rather vital financial support from its development partner Germany to ameliorate, Information and Communications Technology (ICT) within the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) parameters.
  • Sat - Oct 19, 2019: Jafo - Voter Listing Exceeds the Target - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE government has surpassed its target in listing voters for the much awaited Local Government Elections scheduled for next month.
  • Sat - Oct 19, 2019: Kijazi Says Tourism Should Be Propped - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] STAKEHOLDERS in the tourism sector have been challenged to come up with strategies that will help to increase the number of tourists who visit the country.
  • Sat - Oct 19, 2019: Foreign Goods' Flow Irks PM - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa has directed the Ministry of Industry and Trade to conduct a study on why the local market is still flooded by imports of goods that are locally produced.