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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 53,950,935 (2017)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Why Farmers Must Get Health Insurance Cover - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] WHILE investing in health insurance is an important step in building a strong economy, smallholder farmers in Kagera Region have never had health insurance. Weak and sick people cannot positively contribute to national development.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Mwanza RC to Grace Rock City Marathon - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] ROCK City Marathon tremor has begun to rock Lake Zone regions two weeks before the official registration begins countrywide on September 1. To colour brightly the event's launch, Mwanza Regional Commissioner, John Mongela will be the first to register and officiate the registration process.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Tanzania Static in FIFA Rankings - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] DESPITE being out of action for couple of months, Tanzania has remained static in the latest FIFA rankings released in Zurich, Switzerland yesterday. The latest rankings come from the new formula that was approved last June by the World football governing body council.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Soccer - Five-Star Boys Reach Semis - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] NATIONAL Under-17 football team, Serengeti Boys whitewashed Sudan 5-0 in their yesterday's CECAFA Under-17 AFCON Zonal Qualifiers game at the National Stadium in Dar es SalaamDeadly striking duo, Kelvin John and Agiri Ngoda each scored a brace as Sudan goalkeeper, Omar Youssef scored an own goal as Serengeti Boys registered back to back victory in the qualifiers.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: PM Courts Mauritius Sugar Investors - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] PRIME Minister Kassim Majaliwa (pictured) has invited businesspeople to invest in the sugar production sector, for the country to meet the increasing demand of the product.