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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 51,820,000 (2014)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Thu - Sep 21, 2017: What Diamond is Willing to Do to Earn Zari's Forgiveness is Unbelievable - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Nation] Tanzanian singer Diamond Platinumz has said he was ready to do anything humanly possible to earn the forgiveness of the mother of his two children Zari Hassan, even if it means walking on his knees from Tanzania to South Africa where Zari stays.
  • Thu - Sep 21, 2017: Lissu to Remain At the Nairobi Hospital - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] Dar es Salaam -Opposition Chief Whip and Singida East Member of Parliament Tundu Lissu will continue to receive treatment at the Nairobi Hospital, according to information by Singida North MP Lazaro Nyalandu.
  • Thu - Sep 21, 2017: Vodacom Shares Extend Bearish Run - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] VODACOM shares at the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange have gone down by almost 9.41 per cent to trade below the initial public offering price barely two months since it listed at the market.
  • Thu - Sep 21, 2017: Dar Doubles Effort to Clear Rwanda Cargo - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] TRANSIT cargo destined to and from land-locked Rwanda at the Dar es Salaam port has been piling at an average 9.9 per cent over the past five years - from 630,000 metric tons during FY 2012/2013 to 950,000 tons to date.
  • Thu - Sep 21, 2017: Grief As Accident Victims Head for Burial - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] MINISTER of State in the President's Office (Public Service Management and Good Governance), Angella Kairuki, was among hundreds of mourners who paid her last respect to 13 Tanzanians who died in a grisly road accident in Uganda early this week.