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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 51,820,000 (2014)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Tue - Jan 23, 2018: Strong Demand Pushes Up Meat Production - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] INCREASE in demand in the mining and tourism industries pushed up meat production to 648,810 tonnes in 2016 from 579,757 tonnes in the previous year.
  • Tue - Jan 23, 2018: We Salute Dar, Kigali Agreement On SGR - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] TANZANIA and Rwanda moved a step further in their plans for joint construction of 521 kilometre Isaka-Kigali Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) when ministers for infrastructure from the two countries met in Dar es Salaam over the weekend to deliberate on how to implement construction of the joint railway line.
  • Tue - Jan 23, 2018: EAC Retreat On Infrastructure, Health Financing Next Month - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE EAC Secretariat in collaboration with the EAC Partner States and International Development Partners are in the final preparations for the Joint EAC Heads of State Retreat on Infrastructure and Health Financing and Development next month in Uganda.
  • Tue - Jan 23, 2018: Chief Justice Warns Leaders Over Contempt of Court - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] The Chief Justice, Professor Ibrahimu Juma, has said legal action will be taken against leaders who will interfere with court processes.
  • Tue - Jan 23, 2018: New Mineral Discovery to Benefit the Economy - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] TANZANIA is set to reap economic benefits following discovery of Neodymium and Praseodymium (NdPr) magnets in Ngualla village-Songwe Region by PRNG Minerals Limited. The Company's Chief Development Officer, Mr Lucas Stanfield said in Dar es Salaam yesterday that the government will get 25bn/- (11 million US dollars) Corporate Tax and 7.8bn/- (3.5 million US dollars) projected royalties annually.