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Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 53,950,935 (2017)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Fri - Feb 15, 2019: Piece of Firewood Used to Punish Pupil, Says Witness - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE assistant head teacher of Kibeta Primary School in Bukoba Municipal Council Sundi Elisha (40) told the High Court yesterday that the school discipline teacher used a piece of firewood to cane a Standard Five pupil, who later fainted and died, while being rushed to Bukoba Referral Regional Hospital.
  • Fri - Feb 15, 2019: Tanzania Unveils U-17 Mascot - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] TANZANIA unveiled the 2019 Under-17 Africa's Cup of Nations (AFCON) official mascot, at a short ceremony in Dar es Salaam yesterday.
  • Fri - Feb 15, 2019: Dodoma Residents Assured of Safe Meat - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries has said it is well-prepared to ensure the meat consumed by Dodoma residents has the highest quality as required by law.
  • Fri - Feb 15, 2019: TTCL Given 30 Days to Supply Simcards, Vouchers in Rural Areas - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE government has issued 30- day ultimatum to the TTCL Corporation to ensure its SimCards and airtime vouchers reach all rural areas to bolster their coverage across the country.
  • Fri - Feb 15, 2019: CRDB Hailed for Opening Special Forex Window in Arusha - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] ARUSHA Regional Commissioner (RC), Mrisho Gambo has hailed CRDB Bank for opening a special window for foreign exchange at its Arusha branches.