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locationmap_tanzania areamap_tanzania


Capital: Dar Es Salaam

Government: Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic

Current President: Dr. John Magufuli


  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.

Population: 55,451,343 (2018)

Land Size: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili

  • Mainland
    • Christian: 30%
    • Muslim: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Muslim: > 99%


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • many local languages

note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages.



  • Thu - Feb 20, 2020: Tanzania Miner Records 36% Sales Boost Despite Bumps - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [East African] Williamson Diamond Mine in Tanzania has announced a 36 per cent increase in sales revenues and a 17 per cent increase in production in 2019.
  • Thu - Feb 20, 2020: Gold, Dollar Reserves Reach U.S.$5.5 Billion - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [East African] Tanzania accumulated $5.5 billion worth of gold and dollar reserves by the first half of 2019/2020, covering more than six months of imports.
  • Wed - Feb 19, 2020: Opposition Wave of Defection - Who Will Be the Next? - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE leading opposition party, Chadema, has suffered yet another severe blow, in the wake of its former Secretary General, Dr Vincent Mashinji, defecting to the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) on Tuesday.
  • Wed - Feb 19, 2020: Little Known Health Risks Lurking at Nail Salons - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Citizen] Four women were seated on a couch waiting for their turns to get their nails done inlcuding Halima Fredy, 31, at a Makumbusho-based nails salon to get manicure--a cosmetic treatment of the hands involving shaping and often painting of the nails, removal of the cuticles and softening of the skin.
  • Wed - Feb 19, 2020: Zitto Faces Three Sedition Charges - AllAfrica News: Tanzania
    [Daily News] THE Kisutu Resident Magistrate's Court in Dar es Salaam on Tuesday found the leader of Alliance for Change and Transparency (ACT) Wazalendo, Zitto Kabwe, with case to answer in three sedition counts, for allegedly linking the police force with killing over 100 people in Kigoma Region.