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Capital: Khartoum

Government: Dominant-Party Federal Presidential Republic

Current President: Omar al-Bashir


  • The oil sector has driven much of the country’s GDP since 1999.
  • Sudan, currently, is attempting to generate new sources of revenues, such as from gold mining, while carrying out an austerity program to reduce expenditures.
  • Agricultural production continues to employ 80% of the work force and contributes a third of GDP.

Population: 45,561,556 (2020)

Land Size: 1.8 million sq km (728,215 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%)
  • Fur
  • Beja
  • Nuba
  • Fallata

  • Islam (Sunni) 98%
  • small Christian minority


  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Nubian
  • Ta Bedawie
  • Fur



  • Thu - Feb 25, 2021: The Global Insecurity of Climate Change - AllAfrica News: Sudan
    [IPS] Bonn, Germany -- For Sudanese youth, climate change is synonymous with insecurity.
  • Thu - Feb 25, 2021: South Sudan Among Countries Most Struck By Extreme Weather - AllAfrica News: Sudan
    [East African] South Sudan was among countries most impacted by extreme weather events in recent years according to the global Climate Risk Index 2021. The index ranks countries according to their vulnerability both in terms of fatalities and economic loss.
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: 'The Govt Themselves Don't Have a Clear Picture' - EU Envoy on Tigray Conflict - AllAfrica News: Sudan
    [allAfrica] Finland's foreign minister Pekka Haavisto has warned of a "new refugee drama" in the EU after visiting the Um Rakuba refugee camp in Sudan, near the Ethiopian border. Hundreds of people displaced by the Tigray region conflict are fleeing to Sudan. Haavisto was not able to go to Tigray during his visit to Ethiopia.
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: Cooperation of Civilians and Security Forces Crucial in Darfur - Hamdok - AllAfrica News: Sudan
    [East African] Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok says adequate cooperation between civilians and security forces will help plug the gap left by departing UNAMID troops.
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: One Killed in Darfur Robbery Attempt - AllAfrica News: Sudan
    [Radio Dabanga] El Fasher / Saraf Omra -- One person was killed and three were wounded in an armed attack on a vehicle carrying nine passengers from El Fasher (North Darfur) to Nyala (South Darfur). The robbery attempt took place last Saturday.