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locationmap_somalia areamap_somalia


Capital: Mogadishu

Government: Federal Parliamentary Government

Current President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed


  • Informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications.
  • Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings.
  • Principle exports include: livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas.

Population: 12,316,895 (2014)

Land Size: 637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Somali: 85%
  • Bantu and other non-Somali: 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)

  • Sunni Muslim


  • Somali (official)
  • Arabic
  • Italian
  • English



  • Thu - Nov 23, 2017: U.S.$50 Million Japanese Funded Somalia Drive Road Project Under Threat - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [New Democrat] The US$50 million Japanese funded Gardnesville Somalia Drive Road currently under construction is under threat due to 'legal harassment' from a local company (KNZ Corporation).
  • Thu - Nov 23, 2017: Djibouti National Assembly Speaker Arrives in Mogadishu - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Dalsan Radio] Speaker of the National Assembly of Djibouti, Hon. Mohamed Ali Houmed on Thursday arrived in Mogadishu where he was warmly welcomed by Somali government officials. Lower House Speaker Mohamed Osman Jawari accompanied by members of the two houses and other government officials received Houmed at Mogadishu's Aden Adde Airport. The Djiboutian delegation was then taken to Villa Hargeisa, home of the House of the People Leadership.
  • Thu - Nov 23, 2017: AMISOM Trains Security Forces On Engendering Women - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] The African Union Mission in Somalia is facilitating a two-day workshop for members of the Somali National Security Forces, on how to engender women and support the integration of gender issues at work.
  • Thu - Nov 23, 2017: Al Shabaab Raids Somali Army Bases Near Kenyan Border - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] Heavily armed Al Shabaab militants have launched an overnight attack on military bases belonging to Somali government forces and their allied KDF troops near Kenyan border.
  • Thu - Nov 23, 2017: Work Starts On New UAE Naval Base in Somaliland - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] Divers Marine Contracting has started construction of a United Arab Emirates naval base in a semi-autonomous region of northern Somalia.