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locationmap_somalia areamap_somalia


Capital: Mogadishu

Government: Federal Parliamentary Government

Current President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed


  • Informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications.
  • Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings.
  • Principle exports include: livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas.

Population: 11,031,386 (2017)

Land Size: 637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 85%
  • Bantu and other non-Somali: 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)

  • Sunni Muslim


  • Somali (official)
  • Arabic
  • Italian
  • English



  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Ilhan Omar Could Become the First Somali-American Elected to Congress - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [This is Africa] IIhan Omar gained international attention in 2016 when she became the first Somali-American to be elected to a state legislature. She has made history again by winning a Democratic primary in Minnesota's 5th Congressional District, which could see her go all the way to Congress.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Will She Be the First Ethio-Somali Region President? - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Dalsan Radio] The Somali region of Ethiopia has lately been in the news in the Horn of Africa since guards changed hands in the capital Addis Ababa with Prime Minister's Ahmed Abiy ascending to power in April following the unexpected resignation of HaileMariam Desalegn.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Mandera Leaders Meet to Address Al-Shabaab Attacks - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] Mandera South MP Adan Kullow held a meeting with the local security leaders and community elders to address the insecurity problem that has pervaded the region stifling development.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: Military Court Sentences Soldier to Death for Killing - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] A Somali military court in Mogadishu on Thursday sentenced a government soldier to death for killing a colleague in the army, Hassan Abshir Warsame in February this year.
  • Fri - Aug 17, 2018: AMISOM Force Commander Tours Bases in South Central Somalia - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] Lt. Gen. Jim Beesigye Owoyesigire, the Force Commander of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), has concluded a weeklong extensive tour of Forward Operating Bases in all the six sectors where AU troops operate.