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locationmap_somalia areamap_somalia


Capital: Mogadishu

Government: Federal Parliamentary Government

Current President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed


  • Informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications.
  • Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings.
  • Principle exports include: livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas.

Population: 11,031,386 (2017)

Land Size: 637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 85%
  • Bantu and other non-Somali: 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)

  • Sunni Muslim


  • Somali (official)
  • Arabic
  • Italian
  • English



  • Thu - Dec 13, 2018: Former Al-Shabaab No. 2 Arrested in Somalia - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [VOA] The former deputy leader of al-Qaida-linked militant group al-Shabab has been arrested in southern Somalia, sparking clashes between his supporters and pro-government forces that left eight people dead.
  • Thu - Dec 13, 2018: Prime Minister of Somalia Arrives in Doha - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] The Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia, Hassan Ali Khairi, and his accompanying delegation arrived in Doha on Wednesday, on a visit to the country.
  • Thu - Dec 13, 2018: Eritrean President Set to Arrive in Mogadishu Under Tight Security - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] Eritrean president, Isaias Afwerki will be arriving in Mogadishu today barely two months after a delegation from his country visited Somalia to deepen the bilateral relations of the two countries.
  • Thu - Dec 13, 2018: President of Somalia Meets President Isaias Afwerki - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Addis Standard] Addis Abeba -Eritrea's president Isaias Afwerki has met President of the Republic of Somalia this morning in Mogadishu "as part and parcel of Tripartite summit" according to information from Eritrea's Information Minister Yemane G. Meskel .
  • Thu - Dec 13, 2018: Isias Afwerki Arrives in Mogadishu - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Dalsan Radio] Eritrean President Isias Afwerki lands at the Aden Abdulle Int Airport Mogadishu ahead of bilateral talks with his host President Farmaajo.His visit comes in the wake of an impeachment motion that accused Farmaajo of making "secret agreements" with the Red Sea country & Ethiopia in the Tripartite meeting seeking regional cooperation.