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Capital: Mogadishu

Government: Federal Parliamentary Government

Current President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed


  • Informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications.
  • Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings.
  • Principle exports include: livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas.

Population: 11,031,386 (2017)

Land Size: 637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 85%
  • Bantu and other non-Somali: 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)

  • Sunni Muslim


  • Somali (official)
  • Arabic
  • Italian
  • English



  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: AU Keen On Resolving Logistical Challenges Facing its Mission - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Dalsan Radio] A delegation from the African Union Peace Support Operations Division (PSOD) led by Maj. Gen. Francis Okello, Ambassador Francisco Madeira, the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (SRCC) for Somalia and other senior AMISOM officials in a meeting with Abdisaid Musse Ali, the Somali National Security Advisor to the President, at Villa Somalia in Mogadishu on February 13, 2017. AMISOM Photo / Ilyas Ahmed
  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: PM Khaire Denies Port Agreement With Ethiopia - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Dalsan Radio] Somalia Prime Mnister Hassan Ali Khaire on Wednesday denied entering an agreement with Ethiopia that would see the landlocked country have shares in four sea ports in the horn of Africa country.
  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: Former Somali President Calls for Ceasefire in Tukaraq - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [Shabelle] Former Somali president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has called for an immediate end to the fighting between Puntland and the breakaway region of Somaliland in Tukaraq village.
  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: For Once, Mogadishu Can Watch World Cup With Little Fear - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [VOA] For years, residents of Mogadishu wanting to watch the World Cup on TV have done so at risk to life and limb. Islamist militant group al-Shabab -- an opponent of both sports and entertainment in general -- threatened violence against anyone watching the games.
  • Thu - Jun 21, 2018: Govt Must Look Inward to Defuse Its Tensions - AllAfrica News: Somalia
    [ISS] The involvement of Middle East actors in Somalia, namely the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Qatar and Turkey, has reached fever pitch recently, underscored both by external and internal dynamics.