History to the 1400s: 11

Kingdom of Mali, 1240-1500 CE. The word Mali means “where the king lives.” Mali’s powerful kings controlled both the gold mines of the south and the salt supplies of the north. Mali’s king was called Mansa, which means “emperor.” Mali’s most famous King, Mansa Musa, ruled Mali at the beginning of the 14th century. He is known for basing his laws on the Quran, establishing Timbuktu as a great Islamic learning center, and his pilgrimage to Mecca, which resulted in new trading ties with other Muslims across Africa and the Muslim world.