Government: Unitary Presidential Republic
Current President: Adama Barrow
- Gambia has sparse natural resource deposits and a limited agricultural base, and relies in part on remittances from workers overseas and tourist receipts.
- About three-quarters of the population depends on the agricultural sector for its livelihood and the sector provides for about one-third of GDP.
- In 2011, tourism contributed about one-fifth of GDP.
Population: 2,092,731 (2018)
Land Size: 11,295 sq km (4,361 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
- Mandinka: 42%
- Fula: 18%
- Wolof: 16%,
- Jola: 10%
- Serahuli: 9%
- Other: 4%)
- Non-African: 1% (2003 census)
- Muslim: 90%
- Christian: 8%
- African Indigenous Religions: 2%
- English (official)
- other indigenous vernaculars