The Gambia

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INFORMATION

Capital: Banjul

Government: Unitary Presidential Republic

Current President: Adama Barrow

Economy:

  • Gambia has sparse natural resource deposits and a limited agricultural base, and relies in part on remittances from workers overseas and tourist receipts.
  • About three-quarters of the population depends on the agricultural sector for its livelihood and the sector provides for about one-third of GDP.
  • In 2011, tourism contributed about one-fifth of GDP.

Population: 1,925,000 (2014)

Land Size: 11,295 sq km (4,361 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mandinka: 42%
  • Fula: 18%
  • Wolof: 16%,
  • Jola: 10%
  • Serahuli: 9%
  • Other: 4%)
  • Non-African: 1% (2003 census)
Religions:

  • Muslim: 90%
  • Christian: 8%
  • African Indigenous Religions: 2%

Language(s):

  • English (official)
  • Mandinka
  • Wolof
  • Fula
  • other indigenous vernaculars

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