Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Ernest Bai Koroma


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 7,075,641 (2015)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Fri - Aug 18, 2017: Togolese President Jets in to Sympathise With Sierra Leoneans - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Togonews] A high powered Togolese delegation led by His Excellency Faure Essozimna Gnassingbe, President of the Republic of Togo arrived at State House this morning Thursday 17th August to express sympathy and heartfelt condolences as well as show solidarity to His Excellency President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma for the loss of lives in the wake of the flooding and deadly mudslide that claimed the lives of hundreds and destroyed countless properties.
  • Fri - Aug 18, 2017: President Urges Calm As Rescuers Dig for Survivors - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [East African] Sierra Leone's President Ernest Bai Koroma has called for unity as the country faces one of the worst natural disasters to hit the capital Freetown.
  • Fri - Aug 18, 2017: Food Aid Reaches Thousands Devastated By Sierra Leone Mudslide - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Thomson Reuters Foundation] Dakar -"The mudslides have left a path of death and devastation"
  • Fri - Aug 18, 2017: 'Bodies Were Just Washed Away' - Aid Worker Recalls Horror of Mudslide - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Thomson Reuters Foundation] Dakar -"The chance of finding more survivors is slim to none"
  • Fri - Aug 18, 2017: How Can Sierra Leone Learn From Fatal Mudslides? - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Thomson Reuters Foundation] Dakar -"Freetown and other precarious cities need safer urban planning and land use initiatives"