Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Julius Maada Bio


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 6,163,195 (2017)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Thu - Feb 14, 2019: 'Hands Off Our Girls' - Govt Declares Rape a National Emergency - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [This is Africa] Sierra Leone's President Julius Maada Bio is fighting to end the culture of "indifference" and impunity surrounding rape and sexual violence by declaring it a national emergency. This will provide support to the First Lady's "Hands off our girls" protection project.
  • Wed - Feb 13, 2019: Sierra Leone Grapples With Spike in Sexual Violence - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Deutsche Welle] The president's decision to declare a national emergency following an increase in rape cases has been largely supported by locals. Many say they are tired of the country's culture of impunity.
  • Wed - Feb 13, 2019: Tears At Late Lawyer Timbo's Tribute Ceremony - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Mourners, mainly lawyers, could not control their tears as they paid tribute to their fallen colleague, whose sudden death took place in United Kingdom on January 29, 2019, whilst pursuing Masters in Law.
  • Wed - Feb 13, 2019: Hassan Milla Sesay Makes FK Helsingfors Debut - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Sierra Leone midfielder, Hassan Milla Sesay, made a full-time debut for FK Helsingfors in the Finnish Cup, but his debut day ended up as a bad day with their 1-2 home defeat by FC Honko on Saturday.
  • Wed - Feb 13, 2019: CAPPA Investors Engage Govt - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Deputy Minister of Higher and Technical Education, Turad Senessie flanked by CAPPA members during their meeting on New England Ville