Sierra Leone

COUNTRY FLAG

COAT OF ARMS

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LOCATION MAP

AREA MAP

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INFORMATION

Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Julius Maada Bio

Economy:

  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 6,312,212 (2018)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)
Religions:

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%

Language(s):

  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

Links:

RECENT NEWS

 
  • Tue - Apr 7, 2020: IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article Iv Consultation With Sierra Leone - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [IMF] The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) completed the 2019 Article IV consultation[1] with Sierra Leone on April 3, 2020. At the same time, the Board also completed the second review of Sierra Leone's performance under their program supported by the IMF's Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement. A press release on the ECF review was issued separately.
  • Mon - Apr 6, 2020: Disowned by her family at 13 for falling pregnant - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Plan International] At eight months pregnant, 13-year-old Aisatu* sits in silence listening to music playing from a badly tuned FM radio. As dusk falls, Aisatu from Sierra Leone is another day closer to becoming a child mother -- something that she did not plan for, nor wants.
  • Mon - Apr 6, 2020: "I did not imagine that my parents would want me to go through FGM to get around their economic struggles." - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Plan International] Sierra Leonians are well known for their exuberant celebrations to mark the big occasions in their lives. People love to come together to celebrate momentous events such as anniversaries or achievements. 16-year-old Mary has always loved these parties, especially weddings. "Weddings are lovely because I get to see my cousins and enjoy the music, dancing, and of course all the food."
  • Mon - Apr 6, 2020: IMF Executive Board Completes Second Review of Sierra Leone's Extended Credit Facility - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [IMF] The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) completed the second review of Sierra Leone's performance under the program supported by an Extended Credit Facility (ECF).
  • Mon - Apr 6, 2020: Govt Tightens Restrictions After First 2 Coronavirus Cases - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [VOA] Sierra Leone is the latest African country to launch a nationwide attack against the deadly coronavirus after two unrelated people tested positive for the virus in the capital, Freetown.