Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Ernest Bai Koroma


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 7,075,641 (2015)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Tue - May 23, 2017: Sierra Leon President Ernest Bai Koroma Stops Over At Khartoum Airport - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [SNA] Khartoum -The Sierra Leonean President Ernest Bai Koroma stopped over at Khartoum airport coming from Saudi Arabia en route to his country.
  • Mon - May 22, 2017: Feature-Bridge in Sierra Leone Sparks Row Over Diamond Mining - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Thomson Reuters Foundation] KOIDU -A dispute over a bridge in eastern Sierra Leone thought to span diamond deposits has divided a local community with a foreign mining company accused of illegally mining the area after volunteering to rebuild the overpass.
  • Mon - May 22, 2017: President Koroma Opens National Sports Development Conference - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Sierra Leone Government] President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma last Friday, 19 April 2017, officially opened the National Sports Development Conference on the theme, "Repositioning Sports for Sustainable Development".
  • Mon - May 22, 2017: Sierra Leone National Sports Conference Commences Today - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Minister Khanou ready to reposition sports for sustainable development
  • Mon - May 22, 2017: Kamara Slashes Rio Olympic Time - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Sierra Leone's Olympian, Ismail Dudu Kamara on Tuesday clocked 10.75 sec in the 100m dash at the Islamic Solidarity Games to slash his 10.79 sec speed at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games by four second.