Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Constitutional Democracy

Current President: Ernest Bai Koroma


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, it’s physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 5,750,000 (actual decline since 2011)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Wed - Feb 15, 2017: President Koroma Receives Vice President of the Ecowas Commission - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Sierra Leone Government] President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma on Tuesday February 14 received in audience the vice president of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Commission, Edward Singhatey, at State House in Freetown.
  • Wed - Feb 15, 2017: Sorious Samura, Charlie Haffner Present Cultural Instrument to President Koroma - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Sierra Leone Government] As a way of promoting culture in the country, renowned journalist, Sorious Samura, and illustrious cultural artist, Charlie Haffner, Tuesday February 14, 2017, presented two indigenous musical instruments to President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma at State House in Freetown.
  • Wed - Feb 15, 2017: Opioids - Sierra Leone's Newest Public Health Emergency - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Al Jazeera] Freetown -The dark street corner would have been silent if not for the grumble of a motorbike. It was nearing midnight, but for Ibrahim Sesay - a 27-year-old motorbike taxi driver in Freetown - the evening had just begun. He pulled four small pills from his breast pocket, gulped them down without water and set off into the night.
  • Wed - Feb 15, 2017: U.S.$7 Million Wateraid Project for Liberia, Sierra Leone - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Observer] 1.1 million Liberians and 2.4 million Sierra Leoneans endure scarcity of safe drinking water.
  • Wed - Feb 15, 2017: Ebola Epidemic Fuelled By 'Super-Spreaders' - Study - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Al Jazeera] Most of the people who were infected with Ebola in the 2014 West Africa epidemic contracted the viral disease through "super-spreaders", researchers say.