Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Ernest Bai Koroma


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 7,075,641 (2015)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Mon - Nov 20, 2017: Multi-Talented Sierra Leonean Artist Wins Chinese Hearts - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Cameroon Tribune] Beijing -Mariatu Kargbo or Maria, as she is fondly called in China where she lives, is a familiar face in the country's entertainment industry. Her performing arts talents have in the past 13 years raised her to international fame.
  • Thu - Nov 16, 2017: Female Presidential Candidate Rocks Western Rural District - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Residents of Kalitown community in outskirt of Freetown over the weekend met with the sole female presidential candidate of the Unity Party, Madam Femi Claudius-Cole, and pledged their support to her ahead of the 2018 elections.
  • Thu - Nov 16, 2017: SLPP Mayoral Aspirant Vows to Transform Freetown - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Mayoral aspirant for Freetown City Council (FCC) under the ticket of the main opposition Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP), Raymond de'Souza George, has vowed to improve the status of Freetown if he is awarded the symbol to contest and subsequently wins the 2018 local council election.
  • Thu - Nov 16, 2017: Absence of PS Stalls Hearing for Social Welfare Ministry - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] The Permanent Secretary (PS) in the Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children's Affair, Madam Rakie Macarthy, yesterday failed to appear before parliament to explain why the Public Expenditure Tracking (PET) fund was not released by her ministry for the year 2017.
  • Thu - Nov 16, 2017: UBA Puts Aside Le10m for Savings Promo Winner - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] One of the leading financial institutions in Africa, United Bank for Africa Sierra Leone (UBA-SL), yesterday launched a savings promo with the aim of encouraging a culture of savings among Sierra Leoneans.