Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Julius Maada Bio


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 6,312,212 (2018)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Wed - Oct 16, 2019: Sierra Leone's 'Smart Country' Ambitions - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Deutsche Welle] Nanotechnology, blockchain, cloud computing: Sierra Leone's President Bio is banking on the most advanced technology to leapfrog the country out of poverty.
  • Tue - Oct 15, 2019: Why Economy Is in Such a Heartbreaking State - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [New Dawn] The 2019 Economic Freedom of the World report (EFW), which measures the economic progress of a country by considering factors such as the ease of doing business and taxation, ranks Sierra Leone 42 among 47 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sierra Leone's 47.5 score is well below the regional and world averages and this puts it in the lower quartile on the ranking (167 among 180 countries). But things did not turn bad for Sierra Leone overnight.
  • Mon - Oct 14, 2019: 'We Are Not Alone' in Fighting Climate Change, Says Freetown Mayor - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Deutsche Welle] Over 90 mayors of the world's biggest cities have signed a Global Green New Deal in Copenhagen this week. Freetown's mayor Yvonne Aki-Sawyerr talks environmental justice, tackling pollution and what gives her hope.
  • Thu - Oct 10, 2019: The Truth About Anti-corruption - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Sequel to my last article, CHEATING: let him who is without sin cast the first stone, I am no longer shocked when I hear news of fraud, cheating, embezzlement, stealing, and so on in both the private and public sectors in Sierra Leone.
  • Thu - Oct 10, 2019: Lactating Mother Remanded for Child Cruelty - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] One Florence Fatmata Shyllon, 28, a lactating mother, was yesterday (Monday 7th October) remanded at the Female Correctional Centre by Magistrate Abdul Sheriff presiding at the Pademba Road Court No.3 for child cruelty.