Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Julius Maada Bio


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 6,312,212 (2018)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Wed - Dec 4, 2019: EU Film Festival Attracts More Than 2,000 Viewers - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] A film festival organized by the European Union in collaboration with the Sierra Leone Film Guild and Freetown Media Center attracted more than 2,000 viewers including pupils, university students, film makers and casts in Freetown, Bo, Kenema and Makeni.
  • Wed - Dec 4, 2019: Govt Signs U.S.$28.5 Million Financing Agreement With IFAD - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] The government of Sierra Leone through the Ministry of Finance yesterday signed a $28.5million financing agreement with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) to help improve rice, cocoa and palm oil production under the Agriculture Value Chain Development Project (AVDP).
  • Wed - Dec 4, 2019: Stakeholders Validate New Road Safety Strategy - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] (L-R) RSA Augustine Kai Tongi, World Bank Consultant Matin Small, RSA Deputy Executive Director, Ibrahim Sannoh & NTC Supt. Zainab Cline-Thomas
  • Wed - Dec 4, 2019: Global Leadership Summit Wraps up in Freetown - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Sierra Leone has joined over one hundred and sixty countries globally to host the Global Leadership summit. Last week saw the end of a string of summits throughout the country. The summits had been previously held in Makeni, Kenema and Bo.
  • Wed - Dec 4, 2019: IB Kargbo Frowns at Lateness of Colleague MPs, Ministers - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] Deputy Leader of the opposition All People's Congress Member of Parliament, Hon. Ibrahim Ben Kargbo has requested the Speaker of Parliament to look into the continuous lateness of his colleague, as well as the absence of the Attorney General and Minister of Justice for a scheduled sitting.