Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Ernest Bai Koroma


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 7,075,641 (2015)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Sat - Apr 21, 2018: Rebuilding in a Sierra Leone Village, Three Years On - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [RFI] In the small village of Rogbasha in Bombali district, Sierra Leone, life has almost returned to normal, three-and-half years after the end of the Ebola outbreak. Villagers sit around the big tree just off the main road that cuts their village in two, discussing the issues with the crops they usually plant: cassava and rice and groundnuts. Things are better since Ebola, but the people still face a number of challenges.
  • Fri - Apr 20, 2018: Charles Margai Appointed AG and Minister of Justice - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] President Julius Maada Bio yesterday announced his first set of cabinet ministers to run the affairs of the state in this new dispensation.
  • Fri - Apr 20, 2018: Bio Urges Paramount Chiefs to Be Apolitical - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Concord] President Bio met with Paramount Chiefs yesterday
  • Fri - Apr 20, 2018: De Beers Gem Traders Launch APP to Source Clean Diamonds - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Deutsche Welle] De Beers has taken another step towards ridding the trade of its "blood diamond" tag with a mobile tracking app for miners in Sierra Leone. While Gemfair may be useful, more needs to be done to ensure safety.
  • Fri - Apr 20, 2018: Govt to Strengthen Cocoa Value Chain, Increase Farmer Incomes - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [ITC] Key stakeholders endorse a workplan for a new cocoa project in the Mano River Union to raise incomes for farmers and producers along the value chain.