Sierra Leone



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Capital: Freetown

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Current President: Julius Maada Bio


  • While Sierra Leone possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure has yet to recover from the civil war, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development.
  • Nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 6,624,933 (2020)

Land Size: 71,740 sq km (27,669 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Temne: 35%
  • Mende: 31%
  • Limba: 8%
  • Kono: 5%
  • Kriole: 2% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century; also known as Krio)
  • Mandingo: 2%
  • Loko: 2%
  • Other: 15% (includes refugees from Liberia’s recent civil war, and small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians)

  • Muslim: 60%
  • Christian: 10%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 30%


  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority)
  • Mende (principle vernacular in the south)
  • Temne (principle vernacular in the north)
  • Krio (English based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)



  • Fri - Dec 3, 2021: Sierra Leone And Guinea Sign the Power Purchase Agreement With Cote d'Ivoire - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [FrontPageAfrica] Abidjan -- Following his robust engagement with the Government of Cote d'Ivoire, the Vice President of Sierra Leone who leads a high-powered delegation to Abidjan has affirmed government of Sierra Leone commitment to conclude arrangements for the signatures of the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone and the Transmission Services Agreements (TSA) between TRANSCO CLSG and Sierra Leone that will enable Cote d'Ivoire to light up the southeastern parts of Sierra Leone.
  • Thu - Dec 2, 2021: HRCSL Presents State of Human Rights Report, President Bio, Calls White Paper On Constitutional Review - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Sierra Leone Government] State House, Freetown, Wednesday 1 December 2021 - Chairperson of the Human Rights Commission in Sierra Leone, HRCSL, Patricia Narsu Ndanema, has presented the state of human rights report 2020 to His Excellency President Dr Julius Maada Bio and called for a new government white paper in respect of the constitutional review.
  • Wed - Dec 1, 2021: President Bio Installs Chancellors of Universities, Assures Autonomy and Challenges Them to Project Integrity - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [Sierra Leone Government] State House, Freetown, Tuesday 30 November 2021 - His Excellency President Dr Julius Maada Bio has decorated and installed Chancellors for four public universities in Sierra Leone, assured them of autonomy in governance and urged them to project the integrity of their respective institutions.
  • Fri - Nov 26, 2021: National Identification Registry to Issue National ID Cards to Liberians Along Sierra Leone Border - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [FrontPageAfrica] Monrovia -- The National Identification Registry (NIR) has launched a pilot project that will allow for issuance of national identification cards to Liberians living in communities along our border with the Republic of Sierra Leone. This project, which will be implemented over the next sixty days, is expected to set the basis for possible use of the national identification card as an acceptable travel document within the Mano River Union, comprising of Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Wed - Nov 24, 2021: FAO Concludes Phase Two of Blended Learning Programme On Responsible Agriculture Investment for Liberia & Sierra Leone - AllAfrica News: Sierra Leone
    [FrontPageAfrica] Harbel -- The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations with support from the German Federal Ministry of Agriculture last week ended a four-day Phase Two of a Blended Learning Programme on Responsible Agriculture Investment (RAI) at the Farmington Hotel, Robert International Airfield in Liberia. The blended learning session which was held on the theme: "Creating an enabling environment for responsible investment in agriculture and food systems", brought together about forty participants drawn from gove