São Tomé and Príncipe



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Capital: São Tomé

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Evaristo Carvalho


  • Increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975.
  • Being an island country, São Tomé and Príncipe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices.
  • Potential exists for the development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years.
  • Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector, are the major economic problems facing the country.

Population: 190,428 (2014)

Land Size: 1,001 sq km (386 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Mestico
  • Angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves)
  • Forros (descendants of freed slaves)
  • Servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), Tongas (children of Servicais born on the islands)
  • Europeans (primarily Portuguese)

  • Catholic: 70.3%
  • Evangelical: 3.4%
  • New Apostolic: 2%
  • Adventist: 1.8%
  • Other: 3.1%
  • None: 19.4%


  • Portuguese (official)



  • Fri - Mar 24, 2017: Local Firms in Sao Tome to Explore Market Opportunities - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [New Times] Rwanda businesses leaders are in Sao Tome and Principe on a five-day mission to exploit new market opportunities in the central African island nation. The 30 business leaders are mainly from the ICT sector, manufacturing, construction, agro-processing, tourism and transport sectors. Rwanda is seeking new export markets in west and central Africa, as well as Asia as part of efforts geared at expanding its export volumes and revenue to bridge the growing trade deficit gap.
  • Wed - Mar 15, 2017: Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe Sign Five Bilateral Agreements - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [Rwanda Govt] Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe have inked five bilateral agreements. This was during a three-day visit to Rwanda of São Tomé's Minister of Foreign Affairs and Communities, Urbino Botelho.
  • Mon - Mar 13, 2017: Rwanda, Sao Tome and Príncipe Ink Five Bilateral Agreements - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [New Times] Rwanda and the São Tomé and Príncipe have signed five bilateral agreements during an official visit to Kigali by the country's minister for foreign affairs and communities, Urbino Botelho.