São Tomé and Príncipe

COUNTRY FLAG

COAT OF ARMS

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LOCATION MAP

AREA MAP

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INFORMATION

Capital: São Tomé

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Evaristo Carvalho

Economy:

  • Increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975.
  • Being an island country, São Tomé and Príncipe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices.
  • Potential exists for the development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years.
  • Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector, are the major economic problems facing the country.

Population: 211,122 (2020)

Land Size: 1,001 sq km (386 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Mestico
  • Angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves)
  • Forros (descendants of freed slaves)
  • Servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), Tongas (children of Servicais born on the islands)
  • Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
Religions:

  • Catholic: 70.3%
  • Evangelical: 3.4%
  • New Apostolic: 2%
  • Adventist: 1.8%
  • Other: 3.1%
  • None: 19.4%

Language(s):

  • Portuguese (official)

Links:

RECENT NEWS

  • Tue - Jun 16, 2020: Amidst COVID-19 Challenges, UN 'Remains Operational' Across Central Africa - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [UN News] The coronavirus pandemic has compounded increasing economic, social and humanitarian challenges facing States and regional institutions across Central Africa, the regional UN envoy told the Security Council on Friday.
  • Fri - Jun 5, 2020: Angola Chairs ECCAS Commission - AllAfrica News: São Tomé and Príncipe
    [ANGOP] Luanda -- The Council of Ministers of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) approved Thursday, by consensus, the candidate of Angola for the position of president of the organ's Commission, Gilberto Veríssimo, as part of the ongoing reform process.