|Capital: São Tomé
Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Current President: Evaristo Carvalho
- Increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975.
- Being an island country, São Tomé and Príncipe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices.
- Potential exists for the development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years.
- Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector, are the major economic problems facing the country.
Population: 211,122 (2020)
Land Size: 1,001 sq km (386 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
- Angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves)
- Forros (descendants of freed slaves)
- Servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), Tongas (children of Servicais born on the islands)
- Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
- Catholic: 70.3%
- Evangelical: 3.4%
- New Apostolic: 2%
- Adventist: 1.8%
- Other: 3.1%
- None: 19.4%