flag_niger coatofarms_niger



locationmap_niger areamap_niger


Capital: Niamey

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Mahamadou Issoufou


  • Agriculture contributes about 40% of GDP and provides livelihood for about 80% of the population.
  • Sizable reserves of oil.
  • Drought, desertification, and strong population growth have undercut the economy.

Population: 19,866,231 (2018)

Land Size: 1.27 million sq km (489,000 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Hausa: 55.4%
  • Djerma Sonrai: 21%
  • Tuareg: 9.3%
  • Peuhl: 8.5%
  • Kanouri Manga: 4.7%
  • Other: 1.2% (2001 census)

  • Muslim: 80%
  • Other (includes Indigenous African Religions and Christian): 20%


  • French (official)
  • Hausa
  • Djerma



  • Mon - Jun 17, 2019: New Step Taken Towards Trans-Sahara Fibre Link - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Balancing Act] London -One of the links in first east-west fibre route has been financed by the African Development Bank. It has agreed with the Government of Chad to provide US$32 million to underwrite the Chad-Niger section. Russell Southwood looks at what's proposed and the challenges of these kind of Government-led fibre projects.
  • Fri - Jun 14, 2019: From 'Easy' Juba, Criminal Gangs Find Legal Ways to Smuggle People - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [East African] While the world's attention is focused on ensuring peace returns to South Sudan, the country's capital Juba is turning into yet another lucrative hub of human trafficking on the continent.
  • Mon - Jun 10, 2019: Insecurity - 15,000 Nigerian Women, Children Taking Refuge in Niger Republic - - Nema - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Premium Times] Over 15,000 refugees from Sokoto and Zamfara States, mainly women and children, are currently taking refuge in some communities of Niger Republic, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has said.
  • Mon - Jun 10, 2019: Residents Fleeing Sokoto to Neighbouring Republic of Niger - Tambuwa - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Vanguard] Confirming the exodus of residents from parts of Sokoto to neighbouring Republic of Niger, Governor Aminu Tambuwal has pleaded with fleeing residents to return.
  • Mon - Jun 10, 2019: Our Lives in Niger Republic – Nigerians Fleeing Bandits - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Daily Trust] Many locals from some villages in Sabon Birni Local Government Area of Sokoto State that were attacked by bandits had to flee the country to neighbouring Niger Republic to escape further attacks. Hundreds were noted to have been displaced by last month's bandit attacks on some villages of Sabon Birni, while several others took refuge at Gatawa Town of Sokoto and others decided to make a gateway from their homeland to Niger Republic.