flag_niger coatofarms_niger




locationmap_niger areamap_niger


Capital: Niamey

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Mahamadou Issoufou


  • Agriculture contributes about 40% of GDP and provides livelihood for about 80% of the population.
  • Sizable reserves of oil.
  • Oil production, refining and exports are expected to grow significantly between 2011 and 2016.
  • Drought, desertification, and strong population growth have undercut the economy.

Population: 18,638,600 (2016)

Land Size: 1.27 million sq km (489,000 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Hausa: 55.4%
  • Djerma Sonrai: 21%
  • Tuareg: 9.3%
  • Peuhl: 8.5%
  • Kanouri Manga: 4.7%
  • Other: 1.2% (2001 census)

  • Muslim: 80%
  • Other (includes Indigenous African Religions and Christian): 20%


  • French (official)
  • Hausa
  • Djerma



  • Mon - Jun 5, 2017: The European Union and the Sahel, Fact Sheet - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [PR Newswire] Brussels -The EU supports the Sahel countries - Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger - in areas of shared interest such as security, migration, terrorism, the humanitarian response, resilience building and long-term development.
  • Mon - Jun 5, 2017: Niger Ready to Enhance Cooperation With China - President - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Focac] Niamey -Nigerien President Mahamadou Issoufou has expressed his country's readiness to enhance cooperation with China in various fields.
  • Fri - Jun 2, 2017: More Than 40 Migrants 'Die of Thirst' in Niger - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Al Jazeera] Babies and women were among the 44 migrants found dead after their vehicle broke down in the desert of northern Niger while on the way to Libya, local officials said on Thursday.
  • Fri - Jun 2, 2017: Dozens of Migrants Die in Desert After Breakdown - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Deutsche Welle] Forty-four migrants from Ghana and Nigeria have died of thirst in Niger after their truck broke down en route to Libya. The Red Cross says three children and three babies were among the victims.
  • Wed - May 31, 2017: Famine Looms in Former Boko Haram Stronghold - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [VOA] The United Nations is warning that more than 1.4 million people in northeastern Nigeria could face famine by September because of a severe funding shortage. To date, only 28 percent of the U.N. appeal for more than $1 billion to provide humanitarian aid for nearly seven million people has been received.