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locationmap_niger areamap_niger


Capital: Niamey

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Mahamadou Issoufou


  • Agriculture contributes about 40% of GDP and provides livelihood for about 80% of the population.
  • Sizable reserves of oil.
  • Drought, desertification, and strong population growth have undercut the economy.

Population: 19,866,231 (2018)

Land Size: 1.27 million sq km (489,000 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Hausa: 55.4%
  • Djerma Sonrai: 21%
  • Tuareg: 9.3%
  • Peuhl: 8.5%
  • Kanouri Manga: 4.7%
  • Other: 1.2% (2001 census)

  • Muslim: 80%
  • Other (includes Indigenous African Religions and Christian): 20%


  • French (official)
  • Hausa
  • Djerma



  • Sat - Oct 19, 2019: Expanding Sahara Leaves Broken Families and Violence in Its Wake - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [IPS] Bamako, Mali/Cotonou, Benin -Abdoulaye Maiga proudly displays an album showing photos of him and his family during happier times when they all lived together in their home in northern Mali. Today, these memories seem distant and painful.
  • Mon - Oct 14, 2019: We Are Paying a Heavy Price for What's Happening in Libya - President Issoufou - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [allAfrica] Rhodes -The security threat to the Sahel region has been amplified by the Libyan crisis, said the President of Niger Mahamadou Issoufou. In his forthright assessment of the conflict, Issoufou said it seems the world has turned its back on countries that are dealing with the fallout of the crisis.
  • Thu - Oct 10, 2019: Niger's President Will Make History at The End of His Term - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [allAfrica] Niamey -"My greatest legacy will be to become the first president in the history of Niger who will hand power to a democratically elected successor."
  • Tue - Oct 8, 2019: Fewer Children, Fewer Climate Risks? Niger Ponders a Controversial Option - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Thomson Reuters Foundation] Niamey -In a nation with the world's highest birth rate and growing risks to food and water security from climate change, reducing births may be one way to adapt
  • Tue - Oct 8, 2019: Two Nigerien Soldiers Killed in Terror Attack - AllAfrica News: Niger
    [Vanguard] Two soldiers were killed and five others wounded in a "terrorist" attack in southwest Niger, a region that until recently had been spared jihadist raids, the interior ministry has said.