locationmap_mauritania areamap_mauritania


Capital: Nouakchott 

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Mohamed Ould Ghazouani


  • Half of the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood.
  • Extensive iron ore deposits account for nearly 40% of total ,exports.

Population: 3,840,429 (2018)

Land Size: 1.04 million sq km (398,000 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • mixed Moor/Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 40%
  • Moor: 30%
  • Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 30%

  • Muslim (official): 100%


  • Arabic (official and national)
  • Pulaar
  • Soninke
  • Wolof  (all national languages)
  • French
  • Hassaniya



  • Wed - Jan 15, 2020: Mauritania - Presidential Transition - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [HRW] Beirut -Mauritania's first presidential transition in a decade has raised hope that the new head of state, Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, will ensure human rights protections for all Mauritanians, Human Rights Watch said today in its World Report 2020. Ould Ghazouani should prioritize repealing repressive laws that curb freedom of expression, ensure women's rights, and instruct security forces to respect the right to demonstrate peacefully.
  • Tue - Jan 14, 2020: France and G5 Sahel Recommit Themselves as U.S. Mulls Drawdown - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [Council on Foreign Relations] Washington, DC -President Emmanuel Macron of France hosted a summit in Pau, southwestern France, with the heads of state of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauretania, and Niger. The purpose of the summit was to improve military coordination against insurgents with a particular focus on the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA) and al-Qaeda affiliate Jama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (JNIM).
  • Mon - Jan 13, 2020: G5 Sahel Joint Force and the Sahel Alliance - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [France Diplomatie] Paris -Sahel countries -- Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger -- face a number of challenges, including the growing threat of terrorism and organized crime, climate change and demographic growth.
  • Mon - Jan 13, 2020: France aims to Legitimise Sahel Anti-Jihad Fight at Pau Summit - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [RFI] French President Emmanuel Macron will host heads of state from west Africa Monday in the southern city of Pau to map out a new strategy to fight insurgent violence. It comes amid a spate of deadly attacks and increasing hostility towards the presence of French troops.
  • Mon - Dec 30, 2019: Tunisia's U21 Soccer Team Make 1-1 Draw With Mauritania's At Friendly - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Tunisia's U21 soccer team drew a 1-1 game with Mauritania's at a friendly played Saturday in Nouakchott.