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Capital: Nouakchott

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz


  • Half of the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood.
  • Extensive iron ore deposits account for nearly 40% of total exports.

Population: 4,067,564 (2015)

Land Size: 1.04 million sq km (398,000 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • mixed Moor/Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 40%
  • Moor: 30%
  • Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 30%

  • Muslim (official): 100%


  • Arabic (official and national)
  • Pulaar
  • Soninke
  • Wolof  (all national languages)
  • French
  • Hassaniya



  • Tue - May 23, 2017: Japan Contributes U.S.$6 Million to Assist Local Communities and Malian Refugees in Southern-Eastern Mauritania - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [WFP] The three agencies work in collaboration with the Government of Mauritania to strengthen security nationwide and protect Malian refugees and support vulnerable local communities in the country's semi-arid south-eastern Hodh ech Chargui region, where the harsh climate and instability have undermined livelihoods, increased displacements and deepened food insecurity.
  • Mon - May 22, 2017: China Works Toward Helping Mauritania Industrialize, Expand Exports - Chinese FM - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [Focac] Nouakchott -China encourages its companies, guided by market principles, to invest in Mauritania and help the country develop its industries, visiting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Friday.
  • Mon - May 22, 2017: Mauritania Willing to Take Part in Belt and Road Initiative - President - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [Focac] Nouakchott -Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz said Friday that Mauritania supports and stands ready to participate in the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative.
  • Mon - Apr 24, 2017: Zimbabweans Poorest, Survey Finds, But Who's the Wealthiest? - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [Namibian] NAMIBIANS are the third wealthiest people in Africa, according to an April 2017 report by Mauritius' AfrAsia Bank and Johannesburg-based market research firm New World Wealth.
  • Sun - Apr 23, 2017: New African Union Chief Puts Peace Back On the Agenda - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [ISS] The scene is not a familiar one at the African Union (AU): the AU Commission (AUC) chairperson, in shirtsleeves, walking in the blazing sun down an unpaved alley in a war-torn country. Yet this picture of Moussa Faki Mahamat, the new AUC chairperson, on a visit to South Sudan, is probably the first of many.