locationmap_mauritania areamap_mauritania


Capital: Nouakchott 

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Mohamed Ould Ghazouani


  • Half of the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood.
  • Extensive iron ore deposits account for nearly 40% of total ,exports.

Population: 3,840,429 (2018)

Land Size: 1.04 million sq km (398,000 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • mixed Moor/Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 40%
  • Moor: 30%
  • Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 30%

  • Muslim (official): 100%


  • Arabic (official and national)
  • Pulaar
  • Soninke
  • Wolof  (all national languages)
  • French
  • Hassaniya



  • Wed - Dec 11, 2019: How Has Mauritania Managed to Stave Off Terror Attacks? - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [ISS] No terrorist attacks have been recorded on Mauritanian soil since 20 December 2011. On that day, a gendarme, Ely Ould Mokhtar, was kidnapped in the town of Adel Bagrou on the border with Mali by armed men suspected of belonging to al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
  • Tue - Dec 10, 2019: Mauritania Shipwreck - Govt Repatriates Over 200 Irregular Migrants - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [Foroyaa] Before going to press, the Communications Officer at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Saikou Ceesay, told Foroyaa that over 200 irregular migrants are being repatriated to the country as of yesterday.
  • Thu - Dec 5, 2019: In 20 Years, Will Five Arid Nations Be a Sahelistan or a Desert Rose? - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [allAfrica] Cape Town -Five countries in west Africa's Sahel region -- Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger -- are facing crises across multiple fronts, including the accelerated impact of climate change, rapid population growth and extreme poverty. As these challenges intensify, international attention has refocused on the conflicts that accompany those challenges. In Mali in November, over 50 soldiers were killed in a bold attack on a military base and 13 French troops died in a helicopter crash suppor
  • Thu - Dec 5, 2019: Macron Demands Answers From Sahel Presidents on French Troops - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [RFI] President Emmanuel Macron announced that he invited the presidents of the five countries of the region on December 16th to Pau in the south of France. His objective: that they clarify their position on the French presence at a time when anti-French sentiment is growing in several Sahelian countries.
  • Thu - Dec 5, 2019: Dozens Killed As Migrant Boat Sinks Off Coast - AllAfrica News: Mauritania
    [Deutsche Welle] At least 150 people were on board the migrant vessel that departed from Gambia at the end of November. A further 83 who were on board swam to shore.