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Capital: Antananarivo

Government: Untiary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina


  • Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population.
  • Major exporter of apparel.

Population: 25,054,161 (2017)

Land Size: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo)
  • Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry – Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava)
  • French
  • Indian
  • Creole
  • Comoran

  • Indigenous African Religions: 52%
  • Christian: 41%
  • Muslim: 7%


  • French (official)
  • Malagasy (official)
  • English



  • Wed - Jun 13, 2018: UN Chief Welcomes Formation of Unity Govt - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [UN News] United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has welcomed the formation on Monday of a government of national unity in Madagascar led by a non-partisan Prime Minister, as requested by the nation's leading constitutional court.
  • Mon - Jun 4, 2018: Locals Pioneer Safer Fishing Alternatives to Protect Seas Off Madagascar - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Thomson Reuters Foundation] Antananarivo -In a small boat off the coast of Madagascar, Idrissa Tsirvelo struggled with a spanner on his rusted dive cylinder, then put a regulator in his mouth and disappeared under the water, risking death illegally harvesting sea cucumbers from the ocean floor.
  • Fri - Jun 1, 2018: Madagascar Tops Group A, Sets Up Last 8 Meeting With South Africa - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [SAFA] 1 June 2018- Madagascar ensured top place in Group A at the COSAFA Cup in Polokwane on Thursday, 31 May 2018 with a 1-0 victory over the Comoros Islands to finish one point ahead of Mozambique, who made heavy weather of beating the Seychelles 2-1 at the same time.
  • Thu - May 31, 2018: Malagasy Week - Mauritians to Discover Cultural Richness of Madagascar - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Government of Mauritius] The Ministry of Arts and Culture, in collaboration with the Embassy of the Republic of Madagascar in Mauritius, is organising a series of activities during the month of June to mark the Malagasy Week in the context of the celebrations of the 50th Anniversary of Mauritius's accession to Independence. These activities will enable Mauritians to further familiarise themselves with the lifestyle and practices of Madagascar as well as discover its cultural richness.
  • Wed - May 30, 2018: Mozambique Win, Seychelles Hold Madagascar in Group A - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [CAF] The Seychelles played spoilers at the COSAFA Cup on Tuesday, holding a 10-man Madagascar to a 1-1 draw and opening up a chance for Mozambique to yet emerge as winners when Group A is concluded on Thursday.