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Capital: Antananarivo

Government: Untiary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Andry Rojoelina


  • Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population.
  • Major exporter of apparel.

Population: 26,955,737 (2020)

Land Size: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo)
  • Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry – Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava)
  • French
  • Indian
  • Creole
  • Comoran

  • Indigenous African Religions: 52%
  • Christian: 41%
  • Muslim: 7%


  • French (official)
  • Malagasy (official)
  • English



  • Sat - Jan 16, 2021: Madagascar to Host 2023 Indian Ocean Games After Maldives Withdraws - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Seychelles News Agency] Madagascar will host the 11th edition of the Indian Ocean Islands Games in 2023 after the withdrawal of Maldives, said the president of International Games Council, Seychellois Antonio Gopal.
  • Sat - Jan 16, 2021: EIB Accelerating Climate Disaster Recovery, Priority Clean Energy and Transport Investment - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [PR Newswire] Luxembourg -- Further EUR 16.4 million disbursed in October to repair transport in Antananarivo
  • Wed - Jan 13, 2021: Food Crisis Looms in 'Breadbasket' of Madagascar - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [allAfrica] Geneva -- Five years of drought have bludgeoned a "breadbasket" region of Madagascar and, along with the coronavirus, have disrupted local labour patterns in the south, resulting in a looming food crisis.
  • Tue - Jan 12, 2021: Humanitarian Crisis Looms in South As Drought, Pandemic Double Number of Hungry People - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [WFP] Antananarivo -- Three consecutive years of drought coupled with a sharp recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic will leave a third of the population in Southern Madagascar struggling to put food on the table. With severe malnutrition rates continuing to spiral and many children forced to beg in order to help their families eat, urgent action is required to prevent a humanitarian crisis.
  • Sun - Dec 27, 2020: Cyclone Over Madagascar, Heading Towards Beira - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [AIM] Maputo -- Tropical cyclone Chalane hit the east coast of Madagascar on Saturday, and is now forecast to follow a course that will take it across the Mozambique Channel in the direction of Beira.