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Capital: Antananarivo

Government: Untiary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Andry Rojoelina


  • Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population.
  • Major exporter of apparel.

Population: 25,683,610 (2018)

Land Size: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo)
  • Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry – Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava)
  • French
  • Indian
  • Creole
  • Comoran

  • Indigenous African Religions: 52%
  • Christian: 41%
  • Muslim: 7%


  • French (official)
  • Malagasy (official)
  • English



  • Fri - Jun 14, 2019: Madagascar Farmers Request Aid to Produce More Food - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [CAJ News] Antananarivo -SMALL scale farmers in Madagascar have appealed to government and the private sector to help them diversify from rice planting and enhance food production.
  • Mon - Jun 10, 2019: Drought Leaves 45 Million in Need Across 14 Countries - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [The New Humanitarian] Nairobi -Failed rains across eastern Africa, southern Africa, and the Horn of Africa are seeing another dire season for farmers, increasing food prices and driving up the aid needs of tens of millions of already vulnerable people across the three regions.
  • Mon - Jun 10, 2019: Migne Full of Praise for Rookie Striker After Madagascar Win - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Nation] Harambee Stars coach Sebastien Migne has tipped John Avire to be a revelation at the Africa Cup of Nations after the youngster turned in a brave performance in a friendly international match against Madagascar at the Stade Robert Bobin in Paris on Friday night.
  • Thu - May 30, 2019: Madagascar Removes Tax On Condoms in Commitment to Ensure Rights and Choices for All - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [UNFPA] Antananarivo, Madagascar -Condoms will no longer be subject to government tax in Madagascar, President Andry Nirina Rajoelina announced at an event to mark the 50th anniversary of UNFPA, the 25th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the launch of UNFPA's flagship report, State of World Population 2019.
  • Thu - May 23, 2019: Court Upholds Jail Terms for Tortoise Traffickers - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [VOA] An appeals court in Madagascar on Wednesday upheld a six-year prison term for three people trafficking in critically endangered radiated tortoises.