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Capital: Antananarivo

Government: Untiary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina


  • Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population.
  • Major exporter of apparel.

Population: 24,430,325 (2016)

Land Size: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo)
  • Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry – Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava)
  • French
  • Indian
  • Creole
  • Comoran

  • Indigenous African Religions: 52%
  • Christian: 41%
  • Muslim: 7%


  • French (official)
  • Malagasy (official)
  • English



  • Wed - Apr 26, 2017: The Barea, Flames Lock Horns - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Nyasa Times] Tickets for Malawi national football team return leg against Madagascar in the Championship for African Nations (Chan) on Saturday at Bingu National Stadium will start being sold on Wednesday at strategic points across the country.
  • Wed - Apr 26, 2017: Madagascar Patrol Vessel Docks At Malindi Port - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Daily News] Zanzibar -Madagascar Ocean Patrol Vessel yesterday docked at Zanzibar in its mission to control illegal fishing in the region.
  • Mon - Apr 24, 2017: Young Sables Choke in Madagascar - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [The Herald] THE Young Sables capped a disappointing outing in the Africa Under-20 Championship when they conceded a last-minute try in the Group A third-place playoff defeat to hosts Madagascar yesterday.
  • Tue - Apr 18, 2017: Island Nations Look at Coastline Mapping Using Satellite Imagery - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Government of Mauritius] A five-day regional training workshop on Coastline Mapping using Satellite Imagery was launched yesterday at the Mauritius Oceanography Institute (MOI) in Albion. The objective of the workshop is to provide technical staff with the theoretical principles and practical exercises for using satellite imagery to perform coastline mapping in the framework of the Monitoring for Environment and Security in Africa (MESA) Project.
  • Wed - Apr 12, 2017: Flames Relocate Training Camp Ahead of Madagascar Encounter - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Nyasa Times] Malawi national football team, the Flames, has engaged extra gear in preparations for Championship of African Nations (Chan) game against Madagascar on April 22 by moving the training camp to Nchalo 50km from Blantyre.