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Capital: Antananarivo

Government: Untiary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Andry Rojoelina


  • Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population.
  • Major exporter of apparel.

Population: 26,955,737 (2020)

Land Size: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo)
  • Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry – Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava)
  • French
  • Indian
  • Creole
  • Comoran

  • Indigenous African Religions: 52%
  • Christian: 41%
  • Muslim: 7%


  • French (official)
  • Malagasy (official)
  • English



  • Tue - Mar 30, 2021: IMF Executive Board Approves Us$312.4 Million Ecf Arrangement for Madagascar - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [IMF] Washington, DC: The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved today a 40-month arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) equivalent to SDR219.96 million (about US$312.4 million or 90 percent of quota) for Madagascar.
  • Tue - Mar 30, 2021: Didier Ratsiraka - the Legacy of Madagascar's 'Red Admiral' - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [The Conversation Africa] Didier Ratsiraka, who was Madagascar's president twice for a combined period of 21 years, has died at the age of 84.
  • Mon - Mar 29, 2021: What Madagascar's Amazing Mini Creatures Tell Us About Evolution - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [The Conversation Africa] Madagascar has many "mini" creatures. These include a recently discovered group of miniaturised frogs as well as the discovery earlier this year of the smallest reptile on earth - the Brookesia nana, or nano-chameleon, which is the size of a paperclip. Moina Spooner, from The Conversation Africa, asked Dr Mark D. Scherz, an amphibian and reptile specialist who focuses on Madagascar, to explain what causes these animals to miniaturise.
  • Fri - Mar 26, 2021: Burkina Faso, Guinea Qualify, Ethiopia Crush Madagascar - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [Ghanaian Times] Burkina Faso and Guinea qualified Wednesday for the Africa Cup of Nations in Cameroon next January, while Ethiopia trounced Madagascar 4-0 as match day 5 AFCON qualifiers kicked off.
  • Thu - Mar 18, 2021: UN Experts Decry Enforced Disappearance in Defiance of International Law - AllAfrica News: Madagascar
    [OHCHR] Geneva -- "We condemn in the strongest terms the secret detention of Mr. Bobocha since his manifestly unlawful extradition from Madagascar to Comoros, on 27 January 2021," the experts said.