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Capital: Addis Ababa

Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic

Current President: Mulatu Teshome Wirtu


  • Agriculture accounts for 41% of GDP and 85% of total employment.
  • Coffee is a major export crop.

Population: 108,113,150 (2020)

Land Size: 1.13 million sq km (437,794 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Oromo 34.5%
  • Amara 26.9%
  • Somalie 6.2%
  • Tigraway 6.1%
  • Sidama 4%
  • Guragie 2.5%
  • Welaita 2.3%
  • Hadiya 1.7%
  • Affar 1.7%
  • Gamo 1.5%
  • Gedeo 1.3%
  • Other 11.3% (2007 Census)

  • Orthodox: 43.5%
  • Muslim: 33.9%
  • Protestant: 18.6%
  • Traditional: 2.6%
  • Catholic: 0.7%
  • Other: 0.7%


  • Amariga (Amharic) (official): 32.7%
  • Oromigna (official regional): 31.6%
  • Tigrigna (official regional): 6.1%
  • Somaligna: 6%
  • Guaragigna: 3.5%
  • Sidamigna: 3.5%
  • Hadiyigna: 1.7%
  • Affar: 1.7%
  • Gamo: 1.5%
  • Gedeo: 1.3%
  • Other: 11.3%



  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: 'The Govt Themselves Don't Have a Clear Picture' - EU Envoy on Tigray Conflict - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [allAfrica] Finland's foreign minister Pekka Haavisto has warned of a "new refugee drama" in the EU after visiting the Um Rakuba refugee camp in Sudan, near the Ethiopian border. Hundreds of people displaced by the Tigray region conflict are fleeing to Sudan. Haavisto was not able to go to Tigray during his visit to Ethiopia.
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: ECA Price Watch points to construction sector as key driver of growth - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [UNECA] Addis Ababa, 23 February 2021 (ECA) - "A vibrant construction sector is an indisputable driver of GDP growth in a country," said Bartholomew Armah, Director of Macroeconomics and Governance at the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: No Quick End in Sight for Ethiopia, Sudan Spat - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [East African] South Sudan's bid to mediate in the ongoing border tiff between Khartoum and Addis Ababa appeared headed for more obstacles after Sudan recalled its envoy to Ethiopia this past week.
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: Habeshaview to Provide Five TV Channels From Mimyuni's Portfolio in Ethiopia - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [NexTVAfrica] The international TV channel broadcaster Mimyuni Media Entertainment has concluded a new agreement with Habeshaview in Ethiopia Habeshaview has been working with Mimyuni's products very successfully so far. A year ago, they launched the children's music channel Lolly Kids TV for their younger audience. That made them part of the global social project Lolly Kids, which is dedicated to support talented children from all around the world.
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: COP26 President's Views On Ethiopia, Gabon Climate Adaptation Action - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [Ethiopian Herald] Action on adaptation is of paramount to foster climate change resilience. As the COP26 Climate Conference President Designate has recently highlighted in his first foreign visit since his full time appointment, action on adaptation is essential to avert climate loss and damage.