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Capital: Addis Ababa

Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic

Current President: Mulatu Teshome Wirtu


  • Agriculture accounts for 41% of GDP and 85% of total employment.
  • Coffee is a major export crop.

Population: 108,113,150 (2020)

Land Size: 1.13 million sq km (437,794 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Oromo 34.5%
  • Amara 26.9%
  • Somalie 6.2%
  • Tigraway 6.1%
  • Sidama 4%
  • Guragie 2.5%
  • Welaita 2.3%
  • Hadiya 1.7%
  • Affar 1.7%
  • Gamo 1.5%
  • Gedeo 1.3%
  • Other 11.3% (2007 Census)

  • Orthodox: 43.5%
  • Muslim: 33.9%
  • Protestant: 18.6%
  • Traditional: 2.6%
  • Catholic: 0.7%
  • Other: 0.7%


  • Amariga (Amharic) (official): 32.7%
  • Oromigna (official regional): 31.6%
  • Tigrigna (official regional): 6.1%
  • Somaligna: 6%
  • Guaragigna: 3.5%
  • Sidamigna: 3.5%
  • Hadiyigna: 1.7%
  • Affar: 1.7%
  • Gamo: 1.5%
  • Gedeo: 1.3%
  • Other: 11.3%



  • Fri - Dec 3, 2021: Ethiopia, Zambia Airlines Partner to Establish National Carrier - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [This Day] Ethiopia Airlines has announced that it has finalised preparations for the launch of Zambia's National Carrier in a joint venture with Industrial Development Corporation Limited (IDC).
  • Fri - Dec 3, 2021: China Says Ethiopia Capable of Handling Tigray Conflict - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [East African] China says the Ethiopian government is capable of managing the conflict in Tigray, becoming one of few actors to oppose what Beijing says is foreign interference in the Horn country.
  • Fri - Dec 3, 2021: Renewed Sudan-Ethiopia Border Clashes - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [Radio Dabanga] El Fashaga -- Renewed border clashes between Sudanese army troops and Ethiopian forces in El Fashaga, east of the Atbara River, in El Gedaref continued on Wednesday. Sources indicate that the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) aims to regain control of the Shai Beit camp in El Fashaga El Soghra. It is reported that Shai Beit is among the last three Ethiopian camps in Sudan that the army is seeking to restore.
  • Fri - Dec 3, 2021: Lamrot Kemal Tells Court Unable to Bring Evidence to Defend Herself - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [Addis Standard] Addis Abeba -- Lamrot Kamal, appeared at the Federal High Court, Second Constitutional and Anti-Terrorism Bench to present her affirmative defense against charges of felony committed by negligence. Lamrot, however, failed to present her defense and told the court to proceed with the ruling on the prosecutor's evidence at today's hearing.
  • Fri - Dec 3, 2021: Command Post Orders Documentation of Public, Private Property Damage By TPLF Forces - AllAfrica News: Ethiopia
    [Addis Standard] Addis Abeba -- State media yesterday reported that government forces made more territorial gains against TPLF forces including the historic town of Lalibela in where the UNESCO heritage Rock-Hewn Churches are situated. Following the news, the state of emergency command post imposed curfew and ordered the establishment of an emergency joint committee to oversee the documentation of the damage to private and public property by TPLF forces.