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locationmap_eritrea areamap_eritrea


Capital: Asmara

Government: Unitary One-party Presidential Republic

Current President: Isaias Afewerki


  • A command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
  • A large share of the population, nearly 80%, is engaged in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 5,869,869 (2016)

Land Size: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Tigrinya: 55%
  • Tigre: 30%
  • Saho: 4%
  • Kunama: 2%
  • Rashaida: 2%
  • Bilen: 2%
  • Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera): 5% (2010 est.)

  • Muslim
  • Coptic Christian
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant


  • Tigrinya (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Tigre
  • Kunama
  • Afar



  • Wed - May 24, 2017: More Messages of Congratulations - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -The leaders of Russian Federation, People's Republic of China, the Republic of Egypt and Federal Republic of Germany send messages of congratulations to the Government and people of Eritrea in connection with the 26th Independence Day anniversary.
  • Wed - May 24, 2017: Carnival Show in Asmara City - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -A carnival show was staged in the streets of Asmara on May 22 in connection with the 26th Independence Day Anniversary. The carnival was opened by Maj. General Romodan Osman Aweliai, Governor of the Central region, in the presence of Ministers and senior government officials.
  • Wed - May 24, 2017: Nationals in Diaspora Celebrate Independence Day - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -Eritrean nationals residing in Qatar, Sweden, Austria, Germany, the UK, the USA, South Sudan, South Africa, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates have celebrated the 26th Independence Day anniversary.
  • Tue - May 23, 2017: Recalling the Eritrean Case - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Addis Fortune] Talking about the current Ethio-Eritrea relations, though sensitive, seems to attract people from both sides. I say sensitive, because of the unsettled case of the Badime border issue. I cannot tell you with full certainty what exactly triggered the war between the two countries. We have repeatedly heard from the Ethiopian government that the Eritrean government had to use Badime as a cause while the source of disappointment was completely distant from it. Or as authorities say the war was caused by a chan
  • Tue - May 23, 2017: Nuew Organizes Photo Exhibition - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -The National Union of Eritrean Women (NUEW) organized a photo exhibition in connection with the 26th Independence Day anniversary.