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locationmap_eritrea areamap_eritrea


Capital: Asmara

Government: Unitary One-party Presidential Republic

Current President: Isaias Afewerki


  • A command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
  • A large share of the population, nearly 80%, is engaged in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 5,869,869 (2016)

Land Size: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Tigrinya: 55%
  • Tigre: 30%
  • Saho: 4%
  • Kunama: 2%
  • Rashaida: 2%
  • Bilen: 2%
  • Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera): 5% (2010 est.)

  • Muslim
  • Coptic Christian
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant


  • Tigrinya (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Tigre
  • Kunama
  • Afar



  • Thu - Nov 23, 2017: Potable Water Project Inaugurated - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Mendefera -A newly constructed potable water project in Hadish Adi-Hadegti, Segeneyti sub zone, was inaugurated on 20 November.
  • Thu - Nov 23, 2017: Harat Transportation Company Expanding Services - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -The Harat Transportation Company is working to enhance capacity and expand services through out the country, according to Brig. Gen. Berhane Tsehaye, head of the Company.
  • Wed - Nov 22, 2017: South Africa, Eritrea Take Up Afreximbank's Shareholding - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Guardian] South Africa and Eritrea have taken up shareholding in the African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank)- the continent's multilateral trade finance institution, in demonstration of their commitments to promoting intra-trade and economic integration.With the shareholding, South Africa becomes the 47th African country to join Afreximbank as a participating state and/or shareholder, while Eritrea is now the 48th.
  • Wed - Nov 22, 2017: 74 Trainees Graduate From Anberbeb Share Company - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -Amberbeb Share Company has graduated 74 employees including 16 females following courses on the Japanese Automaker Toyota standard. The training was aimed at keeping up with the technological advance of the Toyota Company.
  • Wed - Nov 22, 2017: First Assistant of the President Appreciates Firmness of Sudanese - Eritrean Relations - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [SNA] Khartoum -The First Assistant of the President of the Republic, Mohamed Al-Hassan Al-Mirghani, has lauded firmness of the relations between Sudan and Eritrea and affirmed the keenness of Sudan to strengthen further the bilateral relations for the interest of the two nations.