Eritrea

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COAT OF ARMS

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LOCATION MAP

AREA MAP

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INFORMATION

Capital: Asmara

Government: Unitary One-party Presidential Republic

Current President: Isaias Afewerki

Economy:

  • A command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
  • A large share of the population, nearly 80%, is engaged in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 5,970,646 (2018)

Land Size: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Tigrinya: 55%
  • Tigre: 30%
  • Saho: 4%
  • Kunama: 2%
  • Rashaida: 2%
  • Bilen: 2%
  • Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera): 5% (2010 est.)
Religions:

  • Muslim
  • Coptic Christian
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant

Language(s):

  • Tigrinya (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Tigre
  • Kunama
  • Afar

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