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locationmap_eritrea areamap_eritrea


Capital: Asmara

Government: Unitary One-party Presidential Republic

Current President: Isaias Afewerki


  • A command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
  • A large share of the population, nearly 80%, is engaged in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 5,970,646 (2018)

Land Size: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Tigrinya: 55%
  • Tigre: 30%
  • Saho: 4%
  • Kunama: 2%
  • Rashaida: 2%
  • Bilen: 2%
  • Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera): 5% (2010 est.)

  • Muslim
  • Coptic Christian
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant


  • Tigrinya (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Tigre
  • Kunama
  • Afar



  • Wed - Aug 21, 2019: Sawa - Seminar On Health Issues - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Sawa -Seminar on the control and prevention of communicable diseases in general and that of meningitis vaccination program that is set to be conducted on the coming months of November and December was organized to the staff members of the Sawa National Military Training Center.
  • Wed - Aug 21, 2019: Contribution in Support of Families of Martyrs - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -Eritrean Communities in Germany and the Republic of South Sudan contributed USD 6,740 in support families of martyrs.
  • Tue - Aug 20, 2019: Minister of Justice Conducted Seminar for Nationals in Seattle and Its Environs - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -The Minister of Justice, Ms. Fauzia Hashim conducted seminar to Eritrean nationals in Seattle and its environs, USA, on 17 August on the objective situation in the homeland, the peace prospect unfolding in the Horn of Africa as well as on regional developments.
  • Tue - Aug 20, 2019: Why East African Leaders Should Call for Rights Reforms in Eritrea - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [HRW] "I became what they wanted me to become; now I want to become my own person," a 25-year-old former secondary school teacher in Eritrea told me explaining why he fled to Sudan in 2018.
  • Fri - Aug 16, 2019: President Isaias Held Talks With Japanese Delegation - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -President Isaias Afwerki today, 15 August met and held talks with Japanese delegation led by H.E. Mr. Tetsuro Yano, Special Envoy of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and President of Association of African Economy and Development (AFRECO) and H.E. Ambassador Yoshifumi Okamura, Ambassador for Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD).