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Capital: Asmara

Government: Unitary One-party Presidential Republic

Current President: Isaias Afewerki


  • A command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
  • A large share of the population, nearly 80%, is engaged in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 6,081,196 (2020)

Land Size: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Tigrinya: 55%
  • Tigre: 30%
  • Saho: 4%
  • Kunama: 2%
  • Rashaida: 2%
  • Bilen: 2%
  • Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera): 5% (2010 est.)

  • Muslim
  • Coptic Christian
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant


  • Tigrinya (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Tigre
  • Kunama
  • Afar



  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: Restoring and Reinforcing the Goodness of Humanity - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Several days ago, the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare (MLSW) branch in Laelay Gash sub-zone reported that financial and material support had been extended to disadvantaged citizens in the sub-zone. In particular, eight families in Awdaro, Boko, Debero, and Meflech administrative areas each received support in the form of livestock and materials worth about 10,000 Nakfa. The MLSW report also went on to explain that in Gerenfit administrative area an additional 96,600 Nakfa, which was contributed by nat
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: Ministry of Agriculture Assessment Meeting - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) held a meeting recently at its headquarters in Asmara for an annual assessment of its activities. The meeting, which was held by following the national COVID 19 safety measures and guidelines, heard reports on animal health, plant health, crop improvement, dairy production and research undertakings and inspections.
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: Man On Fire With a Lot of Dreams - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Engineer Michael Adam thinks having one job or specializing in just one field of study is not enough. He is a firm believer in constant change and proved it. He started off as a mechanical engineer, then worked as a freelance writer for a Hadas Eritrea and Shebab magazine, translated books, teaches at a college, designs websites and android applications, produces motivational videos, and is often a panelist on Eri-TV's show to discuss current issues. People who work with him admire his virtuous intentions,
  • Wed - Feb 24, 2021: Announcement From the Ministry of Health - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Seventy patients have been diagnosed positive for COVID-19 in tests carried out today at Quarantine Centers in Southern, Gash Barka, and Central Regions.
  • Mon - Feb 22, 2021: Eritreans and Their Environment-Friendly Attitudes - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] About 500 years ago, wild animals roamed the district between Asmara and Debarwa, the then capital of Midri- Bahri, Eritrea's ancient name. Francesco Alvarez, a member of a Portuguese expedition, left his observations of the culture, the flora and fauna, and a number of other things, of what is now Eritrea, including wild animals now impossible to find in Eritrea. Less than one hundred fifty years ago, the district between Keren and Gheleb, a big town in Anseba, was rich in all kinds of trees. A Swedish ma