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Capital: Asmara

Government: Unitary One-party Presidential Republic

Current President: Isaias Afewerki


  • A command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
  • A large share of the population, nearly 80%, is engaged in subsistence agriculture.

Population: 5,869,869 (2016)

Land Size: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Tigrinya: 55%
  • Tigre: 30%
  • Saho: 4%
  • Kunama: 2%
  • Rashaida: 2%
  • Bilen: 2%
  • Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera): 5% (2010 est.)

  • Muslim
  • Coptic Christian
  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant


  • Tigrinya (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Tigre
  • Kunama
  • Afar



  • Fri - Apr 28, 2017: Family of Jailed Journalist Renews Calls for His Release - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [VOA] When people from across the globe gather on May 3 to recognize World Press Freedom Day in Jakarta, Indonesia, the recipient of the top prize won't be there. He will be spending his 16th year in a secret prison in Eritrea.
  • Fri - Apr 28, 2017: Provision of Free Medical Service - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -The Eritrean Medical Association in partnership with its Italian counterpart provided free medical service to citizens working in places exposed to pollutant gases. The medical service was provided to citizens who are working in environmental sanitation and infrastructure activities as well as at Medeber in the Central region.
  • Fri - Apr 28, 2017: Eritrean Nationals Abroad Hold Diplomatic Activities - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Asmara -Eritrean nationals residing in Italy, Central and Western US as well as in the UK held different diplomatic activities. At the seminar the Eritrean nationals residing in Milano and its environs conducted, the Eritrean Ambassador to Italy, Mr. Fesehatsion Petros pointed out that the strong unity and love of country of the Eritrean people is the secret for the prevailing peace and stability and that persistent effort is being exerted to build economically strong country and to ensure social justice.
  • Fri - Apr 28, 2017: Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Massawa -Mr. Fsehaye Ghergish, head of non-communicable diseases prevention and control unit in the Northern Red Sea region, said that concerted efforts that have been made to prevent and control non-combinable disease have born fruitful outcome.
  • Fri - Apr 28, 2017: Students' Week in Senafe Sub-Zone - AllAfrica News: Eritrea
    [Shabait] Mendefera -Students' week was conducted in Senafe sub-zone featuring sports and artistic activities as well as general knowledge competition. Mr. BeyeneTesfay, head of Education Ministry's branch and Mr. Hadish Ghebremariam, head of sports and culture office in the Southern region, said that utmost priority will be given to programs that are of paramount importance in nurturing competent and culturally aware youth. Mr. Hizkiyas Whbet, administrator of the sub-zone commended the Ministry of Education for the role it p