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Capital: Djibouti City

Government: Dominant-Party Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh


  • Based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone.
  • Provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center.
  • Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry.  Therefore, Djibouti is heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payment and to finance development projects.

Population: 921,804 (2020)

Land Size: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 60%
  • Afar: 35%
  • Other: 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

  • Muslim: 94%
  • Christian: 6%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Somali
  • Afar



  • Fri - Nov 26, 2021: Ethiopians, Friends of Ethiopia Sang 'No More' At the African Peace Walk in Djibouti - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [ENA] Ethiopians living in Djibouti have participated today in the 14th edition of the African Peace Walk held in Arta, Djibouti.
  • Thu - Nov 25, 2021: KenGen Starts Drilling Geothermal Well in Djibouti - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Capital FM] Nairobi -- Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen) PLC has commenced drilling of the first of three geothermal wells in Djibouti setting in motion a Ksh.0.7 billion contract signed in February this year.
  • Thu - Nov 18, 2021: Angola Discusses Boosting Cooperation With Djibouti and South Africa - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [ANGOP] Luanda -- The Angolan ambassador to Ethiopia, Francisco José da Cruz, Tuesday discussed bilateral matters and issues related to the African Union (AU) with the counterparts of Djibouti and South Africa, Abdi Mahamoud Eybe and Edward Xolisa Makaya, respectively.
  • Tue - Nov 2, 2021: A New Milestone for Ethiopian Airlines, Djibouti Free Zone As Sea-Air Cargo Launches - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Ethiopian Herald] The first Sea-Air Cargo Operation that discharge 17 tons of electeonic & home appliances from Shenzen to Lagos & Kano in Nigeria via Djibouti is launched (October 28) with the presence of the Chairperson of Djibouti Ports & Free zone Authority, Mr. Aboubaker Omar Hadi, a diplomat from Ethiopian Embassy in Djibouti, Beneyam Ephrem, Area Manager of Ethiopian Airlines as well as other important stakeholders in the supply chain.