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Capital: Djibouti City

Government: Dominant-Party Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh


  • Based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone.
  • Provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center.
  • Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry.  Therefore, Djibouti is heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payment and to finance development projects.

Population: 865,267 (2017)

Land Size: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 60%
  • Afar: 35%
  • Other: 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

  • Muslim: 94%
  • Christian: 6%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Somali
  • Afar



  • Fri - Jun 22, 2018: Ethiopia, Djibouti to Speed Up Economic Integration - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Ethiopian Herald] ADDIS ABABA (ENA) - Ethiopia and Djibouti are exerting efforts to further consolidate the existing bilateral relationship with regard to economic integration, according to the officials of two countries, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs indicated.
  • Mon - Jun 11, 2018: Somalia, Djibouti Discuss Security Operation - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Shabelle] Somali PM Hassan Ali Khaire and his Djiboutian counterpart Abdulkadir Kaamil have discussed security and law enforcement cooperation between the two brotherly countries.
  • Thu - Jun 7, 2018: Djibouti's many international investment projects set a new pace for economic emergence - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [35°N] Djibouti, June 07, 2018 - On 22 February, the Republic of Djibouti terminated the DCT (Doraleh Container Terminal) concession, in which DP World is a shareholder and operator. This decision was taken after numerous unsuccessful attempts to get DP World to renegotiate a contract that was clearly contrary to the fundamental interests of the nation.
  • Mon - May 28, 2018: President Guelleh's Surprise Eid Gift for Mogadishu Orphans - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Dalsan Radio] Eid-Ul-Fitr celebrations came early for Mogadishu orphans when they received a surprise visit by the Ambassador of Djibouti and the Mayor of the Somali capital with special gifts and message from President Ismail Omar Guelleh.
  • Wed - May 23, 2018: Small Country With a Big Heart, Djibouti Rescues Hundreds in Cyclone Hit Somaliland - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Dalsan Radio] Djibouti became the first country to come to the rescue of victims of the cyclone Sagar that had pounded the coastal Somaliland a trail of destruction and deaths after it's landfall on Saturday.