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Capital: Djibouti City

Government: Dominant-Party Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh


  • Based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone.
  • Provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center.
  • Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry.  Therefore, Djibouti is heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payment and to finance development projects.

Population: 846,687 (2016)

Land Size: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Somali: 60%
  • Afar: 35%
  • Other: 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

  • Muslim: 94%
  • Christian: 6%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Somali
  • Afar



  • Thu - Apr 19, 2018: 'Ethiopia to Install Additional Power Transmission Lines to Sudan and Djibouti' - Engineer Azeb Asnake, CEO Ethiopian Electric Power - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Ethiopian Herald] Ethiopia is endowed with huge renewable energy potentials and currently it has been aggressively engaged in increasing national energy generation, transmission and distribution capacity to satisfy domestic demand whilst surplus production ready to export market to supplement its foreign currency earnings and enhance regional economic integration. Apart from renewable energy sources, Ethiopia reached agreement with Russia tobuildanuclear facility and nuclear research instituteduring country's Foreign Minist
  • Wed - Apr 11, 2018: Djibouti Firmly Opposes The Threats And Falsehoods Asserted By DP World - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [35°N] Following the release by DP World of press releases regarding the Doraleh port facilities, the Republic of Djibouti wishes to provide the following clarifications.
  • Tue - Apr 10, 2018: Djibouti to Partner Pil & CMA CGM in Building Doraleh Ports - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [EA Business] Djibouti is in talks with shipping companies PIL and CMA CGM to develop ports in Doraleh. The agreement includes adding additional containers to the existing terminal and constructing a brand new port at an initial cost of $660 million.
  • Fri - Mar 30, 2018: Ethio-Djibouti Ties - Smooth Sail in Troubled Horn - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Ethiopian Herald] Ethio-Djibouti cooperation has reached to a point of no return even under any regional complication.