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Capital: Djibouti City

Government: Dominant-Party Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh


  • Based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone.
  • Provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center.
  • Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry.  Therefore, Djibouti is heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payment and to finance development projects.

Population: 884,017 (2018)

Land Size: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 60%
  • Afar: 35%
  • Other: 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

  • Muslim: 94%
  • Christian: 6%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Somali
  • Afar



  • Tue - Aug 20, 2019: President Farmajo in Djibouti for Bilateral Talks - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Dalsan Radio] President Farmajo arrived in Djibouti on Sunday for bilateral talks aimed at building strong relationship between the two countries.
  • Thu - Aug 1, 2019: Djibouti Under Fire for Again Disobeying Global Laws - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [CAJ News] Djibouti -THE decision by the autocratic Djibouti's government to influence local courts to nullify international rulings against it in the tussle with a Dubai ports management company is yet another blatant violation of international business laws and disregard of international court rulings.
  • Tue - Jul 30, 2019: Six Transporters Offer 805.4m Br to Ferry Wheat - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Addis Fortune] The National Disaster Risk Management Commission procured six million quintals of wheat for displaced and drought-stricken citizens. The wheat will be transported by six transporter associations to eight warehouses in different regions.
  • Fri - Jul 26, 2019: New EU Navfor Deputy Commander Meets With Djiboutian Authorities - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [EU Navfor] Djibouti, 22 July 2019-Among many meetings that Operation ATALANTA Deputy Commander Rear Admiral Giovanni Battista Piegaja attended in Djibouti this week, were meetings with Djiboutian authorities at the Djiboutian Armed Forces Headquarters, the Diboutian Navy Headquarters/Coordination & Control Center and the Djiboutian Coast Guard Headquarters.
  • Wed - Jul 24, 2019: Gambia's CAF Opponents Djibouti Shock Somali in Friendly - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Foroyaa] Gambia's Caf 2021 preliminary opponents Djibouti yesterday got the better of Somali in a friendly game.