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Capital: Djibouti City

Government: Dominant-Party Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh


  • Based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone.
  • Provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center.
  • Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry.  Therefore, Djibouti is heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payment and to finance development projects.

Population: 921,804 (2020)

Land Size: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 60%
  • Afar: 35%
  • Other: 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

  • Muslim: 94%
  • Christian: 6%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Somali
  • Afar



  • Fri - Sep 18, 2020: Ethio-Djibouti Railway Is the Road to Prosperity - Outgoing Ambassador - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [ENA] Addis Ababa -- The Ethio-Djibouti Railway (EDR) is the road to prosperity as it hugely helps landlocked Ethiopia turn to land-linked to Djibouti where 95 percent of its trade goes through, outgoing Chinese Ambassador to Ethiopia said.
  • Thu - Sep 17, 2020: U.S. Relations With Djibouti - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [State Department] More information about Djibouti is available on the Djibouti Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
  • Mon - Sep 7, 2020: U.S., Djiboutian Veterinarians Partner to Treat Local Livestock - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Horn of Africa Joint Task Force] Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti -- Service members from the 443rd Civil Affairs Battalion (CA BN), in support of Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA), participated in a veterinary exchange in the rural village of Ali Oune, Djibouti, August 30, 2020.
  • Wed - Sep 2, 2020: U.S., Djiboutian Veterinarians Partner to Treat Local Livestock - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Africom] Staff Sgt. Dana Cable Djibouti -- Veterinary care and welfare for animals is essential throughout rural villages of Djibouti, where animals are interconnected with residents' livelihoods.
  • Thu - Aug 27, 2020: Djibouti Journalist Charmarke Saïd Darar Held for Weeks, 2 Other Journalists in Hiding - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [CPJ] New York, August 26, 2020 -- Authorities in Djibouti should cease intimidating and arresting journalists working with the La Voix de Djibouti broadcaster, and let them report freely, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today.