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Capital: Djibouti City

Government: Dominant-Party Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh


  • Based on service activities connected with the country’s strategic location and status as a free trade zone.
  • Provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center.
  • Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry.  Therefore, Djibouti is heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payment and to finance development projects.

Population: 865,267 (2017)

Land Size: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Somali: 60%
  • Afar: 35%
  • Other: 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

  • Muslim: 94%
  • Christian: 6%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Somali
  • Afar



  • Sat - Oct 6, 2018: Tunisia Will Be Able to Access Comesa Through Djibouti - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Tunis Afrique Presse] Tunis/Tunisia -Tunisia can, through the development of its economic relations with Djibouti, gain access to the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Ethiopia and Somalia, said President of the Tuniso-African Business Council, Bassem Loukil, on the occasion of the opening of the Tunisian-Djibouti business forum, held Thursday in Tunis.
  • Tue - Oct 2, 2018: Djibouti Data Centre On New Cable Connections for Region and Operating Neutral, Third Party Combined Landing Stations, Data Centres - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Balancing Act] London -With the recent peace initiatives in the Horn of Africa, the region has suddenly become much more interesting: new fibre links may be built between old enemies. Also someone will eventually build a cross-continental fibre to West Africa and Djibouti would be a logical end point in East Africa. Russell Southwood interviewed John Melick III, Chairman, Djibouti Data Centre.
  • Thu - Sep 20, 2018: Djibouti's Takeover On Doraleh Fans Flames of Dispute With DP World - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [Addis Fortune] DP World announces that it would continue to pursue all legal means
  • Mon - Sep 17, 2018: Djibouti Emerges As Arms Trafficking Hub for Horn of Africa - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [RFI] The rapprochement between Ethiopia and Eritrea has repercussions that go beyond diplomacy on the Horn of Africa. A recent investigation shows that while Eritrea is no longer isolated, Djibouti is emerging as the new regional arms trafficking hub.
  • Mon - Sep 17, 2018: Peace Prospects in Horn Better, but Obstacles Remain - AllAfrica News: Djibouti
    [The Conversation Africa] It's just five months since Abiy Ahmed took over as Ethiopian Prime Minister yet the pace of change in the Horn of Africa has been simply staggering. Insuperable obstacles have been swept away. So many hurdles have been vaulted that it's difficult to keep track.