Democratic Republic of the Congo



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Capital: Kinshasa

Government: Republic

Current President: Joseph Kabila


  • Much economic activity still occurs in the informal sector and is not reflected in GDP data.
  • Renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most export income, boosted Kinshasa’s fiscal position and GDP growth from 2006-08.
  • Main exports: diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, and crude oil.

Population: 77,435,000 (2014)

Land Size: 2.34 million sq km (905,354 sq miles)

Major Ethic Groups:

  • Over 200 African ethnic groups
  • Majority are Bantu (make up about 45% of the population);
    • Mongo
    • Luba
    • Kongo (all Bantu)
    • Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic)

  • Roman Catholic: 50%
  • Protestant: 20%
  • Kimbanguist: 10%
  • Muslim: 10%
  • Other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs): 10%


  • French (official)
  • Lingala (a lingua franca trade language)
  • Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili)
  • Kikongo
  • Tshiluba



  • Fri - Feb 24, 2017: Rwanda Refugees Quit Conflict in DRC - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [CAJ News] Kigali -MORE than 100 Rwandan refugees living in the turbulent Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have this week returned to their home country. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) jointly with the authorities of the DRC and Rwanda organised the voluntary repatriation of the refugees, coming at a time Rwanda has secured some stability unlike the DRC that is beset by volatility. Several hundred returnees are still waiting for their return in the weeks to come. This adds to the 6
  • Fri - Feb 24, 2017: Tanzania Calls for Ironing Out of Nile Water Differences - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [Daily News] Nile River Basin Initiative member states have been advised to work together in attaining Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number six on water security and sanitation, by ironing out any likely differences in the use of water resources.
  • Thu - Feb 23, 2017: Trump Is Right On Congo's Minerals, but for All the Wrong Reasons - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [The Conversation Africa] A few weeks ago a British newspaper leaked the draft of an executive order proposing the suspension of a US law that imposes tight controls over the trade in Congolese gold, tin, coltan and tungsten.
  • Wed - Feb 22, 2017: Scientists Warn of Oil Drilling At Lake Tanganyika - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [Citizen] Dar es Salaam -As preparations for the exploration of oil and gas in Lake Tanganyika get into top gear, international scientists at the site are warning that if the activities are not pursued carefully, they could cause massive and long-term environmental disaster.
  • Wed - Feb 22, 2017: 'Real Investigation' Into DR Congo Violence Needed - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [Deutsche Welle] A number of killings have taken place recently in the DR Congo (DRC), including one allegedly perpetrated by military personnel. Nick Elebe says that it is necessary to have a real response to real issues.