Democratic Republic of the Congo



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Capital: Kinshasa

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Felix Tshisekedi


  • Much economic activity still occurs in the informal sector and is not reflected in GDP data.
  • Renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most export income, boosted Kinshasa’s fiscal position and GDP growth from 2006-08.
  • Main exports: diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, and crude oil.

Population: 85,281,024 (2018)

Land Size: 2.34 million sq km (905,354 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Over 200 African ethnic groups
  • Majority are Bantu (make up about 45% of the population):
    • Mongo
    • Luba
    • Kongo (all Bantu)
    • Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic)

  • Roman Catholic: 50%
  • Protestant: 20%
  • Kimbanguist: 10%
  • Muslim: 10%
  • Other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs): 10%


  • French (official)
  • Lingala (a lingua franca trade language)
  • Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili)
  • Kikongo
  • Tshiluba



  • Wed - Dec 11, 2019: 700 Congolese Dead in Weeks of Measles Eruption - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [CAJ News] Kinshasa -MORE than 700 people have died over the past month in what is now the world's largest and most severe measles epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
  • Tue - Dec 10, 2019: Cholera Deaths Escalate in DRC - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [CAJ News] Kinshasa -MORE than 500 people have died this year from a worsening outbreak of cholera wreaking havoc in Central and West Africa.
  • Tue - Dec 10, 2019: Kabila Sucked Into UK Probe Against Swiss Firm - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [CAJ News] Kinshasa -A BRITISH probe into alleged bribery incriminating a global mining and commodity trading group is the latest setback for the company already beset by scandals in the continent.
  • Tue - Dec 10, 2019: DR Congo Army Steps Up Operations Against Rwandan Militia Groups - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [New Times] Over the past few months, the DR Congo army has stepped up an offensive against Rwandan terror groups in an ongoing effort to rout all foreign armed militias based in the neighbouring country.
  • Tue - Dec 10, 2019: A Glimpse at Anti-Rwanda Militia Groups in Eastern DR Congo - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [New Times] The negative forces of Rwandan origin that are based in eastern DR Congo primarily sprouted from the forces and militia groups that crossed into DR Congo from Rwanda after participating in the slaughter of more than a million people during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.