Democratic Republic of the Congo

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INFORMATION

Capital: Kinshasa

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Current President: Felix Tshisekedi

Economy:

  • Much economic activity still occurs in the informal sector and is not reflected in GDP data.
  • Renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most export income, boosted Kinshasa’s fiscal position and GDP growth from 2006-08.
  • Main exports: diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, and crude oil.

Population: 101,780,263 (2020)

Land Size: 2.34 million sq km (905,354 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Over 200 African ethnic groups
  • Majority are Bantu (make up about 45% of the population):
    • Mongo
    • Luba
    • Kongo (all Bantu)
    • Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic)
Religions:

  • Roman Catholic: 50%
  • Protestant: 20%
  • Kimbanguist: 10%
  • Muslim: 10%
  • Other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs): 10%

Language(s):

  • French (official)
  • Lingala (a lingua franca trade language)
  • Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili)
  • Kikongo
  • Tshiluba

Links:

RECENT NEWS

  • Sat - Nov 28, 2020: Regional Leaders Plan 'Comprehensive' Response to Mozambique Attacks - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [The Herald] Gaborone -- SADC yesterday undertook to work on a robust regional response to the growing threat of terrorism and insurgency in parts of Mozambique, which it will put in action once finalised.
  • Fri - Nov 27, 2020: Troika Summit Focuses on Mozambique, DR Congo Terror Threats - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [The Herald] PRESIDENT Mnangagwa is expected to join other Heads of State and Governments in Botswana today for a one-day SADC Extraordinary Organ Troika Summit that will focus on emerging terrorism threats in the region particularly in Mozambique and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
  • Fri - Nov 27, 2020: As Cobalt Demand Booms, Companies Must Do More to Protect Miners - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [The Conversation Africa] The Democratic Republic of Congo is the major source of some of the minerals used to manufacture components in household appliances, mobile phones, electric vehicles and jewellery.
  • Thu - Nov 26, 2020: Kalonzo 'Mediates' in DR Congo's Coalition Feud - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [Nation] Kenya's former Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka is attempting to mediate between two wrangling sides in the ruling coalition in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Thu - Nov 26, 2020: Kalonzo Meets DR Congo Leaders Over Coalition Wrangles - AllAfrica News: Congo-Kinshasa
    [East African] Kenya's former Vice President Kalonzo Musyoka is attempting to mediate between two wrangling sides in the ruling coalition in the Democratic Republic of Congo.