flag_chad coatofarms_chad



locationmap_chad areamap_chad


Capital: N’Djamena

Government: Dominant Party Presidential Republic

Current President: Idriss Déby


  • Although primarily agricultural, the economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector, estimated at 1.5 billion barrels) that began in 2000.
  • At least 80% of Chad’s population relies on subsistence farming and raising livestock for its livelihood.
  • Relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects.

Population: 16,877,357 (2020)

Land Size: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Sara: 28%
  • Arab: 12%
  • Daza 11%
  • Mayo-Kebbi: 10%
  • Kanem-Bornou: 9%
  • Ouaddai: 9%
  • Hadjarai: 7%
  • Tandjile: 7%
  • Fitri-Batha: 5%
  • Other: 2%

  • Muslim: 53.1%
  • Catholic: 20.1%
  • Protestant: 14.2%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 7.3%
  • Other: 0.5%
  • Unknown: 1.7%
  • Atheist: 3.1%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Sara (in south)
  • More than 120 languages and dialects



  • Sun - Nov 22, 2020: Only International Action Can Restore Security in Sahel and Lake Chad Basin - Niger President - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Africa Renewal] In a pre-recorded address on Thursday to the UN General Assembly, Mahamadou Issoufou, the President of Niger, stressed that only international action can restore security in the strife-torn African regions of the Sahel and Lake Chad Basin, and expressed serious concern about the situation in Mali.
  • Sat - Nov 21, 2020: Publishing the Trial of Hissène Habré - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [African Arguments] Debating Ideas is a new section that aims to reflect the values and editorial ethos of the African Arguments book series, publishing engaged, often radical, scholarship, original and activist writing from within the African continent and beyond. It will offer debates and engagements, contexts and controversies, and reviews and responses flowing from the African Arguments books.
  • Fri - Nov 6, 2020: Minister, NNPC Chief Meet Buratai On Resumption of Exploration Activities in Chad Basin - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Premium Times] The Minister of State, Petroleum Resources, Timipre Sylva, on Thursday, said that the Nigerian government will soon resume oil exploration activities in the Lake Chad region.
  • Fri - Nov 6, 2020: Govt to Resume Oil Exploration in Lake Chad Basin - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [This Day] Maiduguri -- The federal government last Wednesday said the crude oil exploration in the Lake Chad Basin will commence soon.
  • Mon - Nov 2, 2020: Boko Haram Declared Deadliest Terrorist Group in 2014 - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [The Point] In Boko Haram: The History of an African Jihadist Movement, the author Alexander Thurston, an African studies professor at Georgetown University, systematically examines the movement's origins and offers a comprehensive discussion of the interrelated factors that led to the emergence and rise of Boko Haram in north-eastern Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin. The book is organised into five chapters ('The Lifeworld of Muhammad Yusuf', 'Preaching Exclusivism, Playing Politics', 'Chaos is Worse Than Killing', 'T