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locationmap_chad areamap_chad


Capital: N’Djamena

Government: Dominant Party Presidential Republic

Current President: Idriss Déby


  • Although primarily agricultural, the economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector, estimated at 1.5 billion barrels) that began in 2000.
  • At least 80% of Chad’s population relies on subsistence farming and raising livestock for its livelihood.
  • Relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects.

Population: 12,075,985 (2017)

Land Size: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Sara: 28%
  • Arab: 12%
  • Daza 11%
  • Mayo-Kebbi: 10%
  • Kanem-Bornou: 9%
  • Ouaddai: 9%
  • Hadjarai: 7%
  • Tandjile: 7%
  • Fitri-Batha: 5%
  • Other: 2%

  • Muslim: 53.1%
  • Catholic: 20.1%
  • Protestant: 14.2%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 7.3%
  • Other: 0.5%
  • Unknown: 1.7%
  • Atheist: 3.1%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Sara (in south)
  • More than 120 languages and dialects



  • Fri - Dec 7, 2018: Defusing Tensions in the Sahel - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [ICG] Growing discontent among young people in Chad's Sahel regions risk driving them into the arms of rebels in neighbouring countries. Authorities should end the impunity of individuals guilty of a range of abuses and distinguish between economic migrants and potential rebels.
  • Fri - Dec 7, 2018: EU, France Step Up Security, Development Aid for G5 Sahel - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Deutsche Welle] The EU and France have increased their financial support for projects in the five Sahel states which sit on the southern rim of Africa's Sahara desert. Terrorism and lawlessness have blighted the region for years.
  • Fri - Nov 30, 2018: Kibir - Discusses Assignment of Zone for Chad in Port-Sudan - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [SNA] Khartoum -The Vice-President of the Republic, Dr. Osman Mohamed Yousif Kibir, has discussed the assignment of a zone for Chad in Port-Sudan to ease the flow of goods and to facilitate obstacles.
  • Fri - Nov 30, 2018: Buhari Departs for Chad to Discuss Solutions to Insurgency - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Guardian] Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has left Abuja for N'Djamena, Chad to chair a consultation forum of Heads of State and Government of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC).
  • Fri - Nov 30, 2018: Boko Haram - Leaders of Chad, Cameroon, Niger Agree to Change Tactics - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Premium Times] It was a renewed call to arms in N'djamena, capital of the Republic of Chad, on Thursday, as President Muhammadu Buhari held a one-day consultation with Heads of State and Governments of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC).