Chad

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INFORMATION

Capital: N’Djamena

Government: Dominant Party Presidential Republic

Current President: Idriss Déby

Economy:

  • Although primarily agricultural, the economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector, estimated at 1.5 billion barrels) that began in 2000.
  • At least 80% of Chad’s population relies on subsistence farming and raising livestock for its livelihood.
  • Relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects.

Population: 15,833,116 (2018)

Land Size: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Sara: 28%
  • Arab: 12%
  • Daza 11%
  • Mayo-Kebbi: 10%
  • Kanem-Bornou: 9%
  • Ouaddai: 9%
  • Hadjarai: 7%
  • Tandjile: 7%
  • Fitri-Batha: 5%
  • Other: 2%
Religions:

  • Muslim: 53.1%
  • Catholic: 20.1%
  • Protestant: 14.2%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 7.3%
  • Other: 0.5%
  • Unknown: 1.7%
  • Atheist: 3.1%

Language(s):

  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Sara (in south)
  • More than 120 languages and dialects

Links:

RECENT NEWS

  • Mon - Jun 17, 2019: New Step Taken Towards Trans-Sahara Fibre Link - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Balancing Act] London -One of the links in first east-west fibre route has been financed by the African Development Bank. It has agreed with the Government of Chad to provide US$32 million to underwrite the Chad-Niger section. Russell Southwood looks at what's proposed and the challenges of these kind of Government-led fibre projects.
  • Mon - Jun 17, 2019: How the Sudan Crisis Is Playing Out in Africa and the Middle East - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [East African] The Sudan crisis could become a major contagion in the region's security and trade and also escalate the divisions in the Gulf Peninsula manifested in the current war in Yemen.
  • Mon - Jun 10, 2019: Flawed Trial of Alleged Coup Plotter Ends With Ludicrous Sentences - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [EG Justice] Equatorial Guinea's prosecution of dozens of detainees accused of financing terrorism and plotting to assassinate President Obiang has been characterized by gross violations of due process of law, which ended with sentences ranging from 3 years to 90 years.
  • Mon - Jun 3, 2019: Central African Crisis Highlights Challenges to Peacebuilding - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [ISS] The complexity of the relationship between the AU and regional organisations is evident in the handling of the crisis in the Central African Republic.
  • Sun - Jun 2, 2019: Al-Burhan, Debby discuss bilateral relations and developments in Sudan - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [SNA] Suna -The Head of the Transitional Military Council (TMC) Abdul-Fattah Al Burhan has met, on the sidelines of the Summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Makkah, with the President of the Republic of Chad Idris Debby, where he expressed thanks and appreciation of Sudan for his support to Sudan in the regional and international forums.