flag_chad coatofarms_chad



locationmap_chad areamap_chad


Capital: N’Djamena

Government: Dominant Party Presidential Republic

Current President: Idriss Déby


  • Although primarily agricultural, the economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector, estimated at 1.5 billion barrels) that began in 2000.
  • At least 80% of Chad’s population relies on subsistence farming and raising livestock for its livelihood.
  • Relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects.

Population: 15,833,116 (2018)

Land Size: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Sara: 28%
  • Arab: 12%
  • Daza 11%
  • Mayo-Kebbi: 10%
  • Kanem-Bornou: 9%
  • Ouaddai: 9%
  • Hadjarai: 7%
  • Tandjile: 7%
  • Fitri-Batha: 5%
  • Other: 2%

  • Muslim: 53.1%
  • Catholic: 20.1%
  • Protestant: 14.2%
  • Indigenous African Religions: 7.3%
  • Other: 0.5%
  • Unknown: 1.7%
  • Atheist: 3.1%


  • French (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • Sara (in south)
  • More than 120 languages and dialects



  • Tue - Dec 10, 2019: Refugee Girls in Chad Embrace School As Path to University Opens Up - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Thomson Reuters Foundation] Iriba, Chad -Only one in four Chadian boys and half as many girls attend secondary school, with poverty, lack of access and child marriage contributing to the low rates
  • Fri - Dec 6, 2019: Sudan Govt Delegation Visits Chad - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Radio Dabanga] N'djamena -A delegation from the Sudanese Sovereign Council held talks with Chadian President Idris Deby in N'Djamena on Wednesday. Deby met with leaders of the Sudan Revolutionary Front a day later.
  • Fri - Dec 6, 2019: Shrinking Lake Chad Forced Many to Crime - Buhari - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [Daily Trust] President Muhammadu Buhari says the effect of climate change on Lake Chad has created more economic challenges, with the shrinking lake rendering many jobless, and leaving them with little or no options for survival, except crime.
  • Thu - Dec 5, 2019: In 20 Years, Will Five Arid Nations Be a Sahelistan or a Desert Rose? - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [allAfrica] Cape Town -Five countries in west Africa's Sahel region -- Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger -- are facing crises across multiple fronts, including the accelerated impact of climate change, rapid population growth and extreme poverty. As these challenges intensify, international attention has refocused on the conflicts that accompany those challenges. In Mali in November, over 50 soldiers were killed in a bold attack on a military base and 13 French troops died in a helicopter crash suppor
  • Thu - Dec 5, 2019: Macron Demands Answers From Sahel Presidents on French Troops - AllAfrica News: Chad
    [RFI] President Emmanuel Macron announced that he invited the presidents of the five countries of the region on December 16th to Pau in the south of France. His objective: that they clarify their position on the French presence at a time when anti-French sentiment is growing in several Sahelian countries.