African History from the 1400s to the 1800s #12

Sofala, established 1505. The Portuguese, under Francisco de Almeida occupied Mozambique, and established a settlement at Sofala. It remained a strong base for the Portuguese to control all of Mozambique until its independence in 1974. Although the Portuguese helped introduce the American crops corn and cashew nuts, which became staples of Mozambique’s agriculture, the impact of their presence on African society was mainly destructive.